Heart Disease and Symptoms

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Monday, December 2, 2019

Known in medical world as cardiovascular disease, conditions that include diseased vessels, structural problems and blood clots are called heart disease. 

The most common types of heart diseases are, Coronary heart disease which includes damage or disease in the heart’s major blood vessels. Then comes High blood pressure(hypertension), a condition in which the force of the blood is very high against the artery walls. Usually the blood pressure above 140/90 is considered high blood pressure and 180/120 is considered severe. 

Cardiac arrest is most threatening form of heart disease in which the heart stops beating abruptly. Without prompt medical intervention the patient can risk loss of their lives.
There are many early symptoms of heart diseases. A sudden discomfort in chest is one of the most common signs of heart being in risk. The pain usually rises towards the left side of body where heart is. Some of the people experience Nausea, Indigestion, Heartburn and stomach pain during heart diseases. A rising pain that spreads towards the left arm resulting in it getting numb also signals heart in trouble. Feeling dizzy or lightheaded or having pain in throat or jaw also sometimes indicates heart diseases. 

Human heart is one of the most important part because it pumps blood around the body which results in oxygen and nutrients being delivered to cells and waste products being removed. Regular exercises, walking daily and keeping a check on food habits are few common things a person can do keep its heart healthy.

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Saturday, October 26, 2019

Blood Pressure
The prevalence of heart and other cardiovascular diseases is on the rise. It is important to note that a healthy heart -and body- begins with maintaining a healthy, or rather a normal blood pressure. But first, what is blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted on the walls of your blood vessels (mainly arteries) by plood pumped from your heart to the rest of your body. Literally, it's the force that moves blood from your heart to various organs and tissues.
You've most probably had your blood pressure measurement taken in the past one year or so. If you are wondering what the figures mean, stay here and find out!

Blood Pressure Measurement and Reading
Well, blood pressure is measured in millimeters of Mercury, often abbreviated as mmHg. It comes in two figures; systolic pressure over diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the amount of force on your vessels when your heart pushes out blood. On the other hand, diastolic pressure is the measurement taken in between the beats as the heart rests.
Therefore, a blood pressure of 118/79mm/Hg translates to a systolic pressure of 118mm/Hg and a diastolic measurement of 79mm/Hg.

Categories Of Blood Pressure 
Depending on the reading, your blood pressure can be normal or unhealthy. Look, you need to know thay there is an unhealthy low and an unhealthy high. Blood pressure readings are, therefore, classified into three major categories. These include low blood pressure, normal blood pressure,  and high blood pressure.
Let's have a critical look at these categories;

Low Blood Pressure
Though this category is probably not known to you, it does exist.  Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is any reading from 90/60mmHg and lower. Severe low blood pressure may cause dizziness and fainting. People with severe blood pressure experience a drastic shortfall of oxygen in the brain.

Normal Blood Pressure
Blood pressure readings above 90/60mmHg and less than 120/80mm/Hg are normal. Indeed, this is the safest zone as far as the force of blood circulation is concerned. If your readings fall within this range, then the range is healthy for your heart as well as blood vessels.
The ideal thing to do, therefore, is to stick to healthy living practices which include routine exercises and a healthy diet, among others that we will discuss in other sections of this blog.

High Blood Pressure
Loosely defined, high blood pressure is a condition in which the prolonged force exerted on the walls of your arteries by blood is strong enough to trigger a medical complication. Usually, any reading above 120/80mm/Hg creates excessive force on the blood vessels.
High blood pressure is further subdivided into 4 categories, namely;
  1. Elevated 
  2. Hypertension stage 1
  3. Hypertension stage 2
  4. Hypertensive Crisis

Blood Pressure Chart

Low Blood Pressure
89mm/Hg and less
60mm/Hg and less
Normal Blood Pressure
90 mm/Hg to 120 mm/Hg
More than 60 mm/Hg but less than 80 mm/Hg
Elevated Blood Pressure
120 mm/Hg to 129 mm/Hg
Less than 80 mm/ Hg
Hypertension Stage 1
130mm/Hg to 139mm/Hg
80 mm/Hg to 89 mm/Hg
Hypertension Stage 2
140mm/Hg to 179mm/Hg
90mm/Hg to 120mm/Hg
Hypertensive Crisis
Above 180mm/Hg
Above 120mm

Health Complications Of High Blood Pressure

What you need to know about heart care

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Thursday, October 10, 2019


Let’s learn some Anatomy.
The heart acts as two separate pumps operating simultaneously in parallel. The right side of the heart generates circulation to the lungs while the left side feeds the rest of the body. The right atrium drains deoxygenated blood from the superior and inferior venae cavae and discharges blood to the right ventricle which in turn pumps it to the pulmonary artery. The left atrium drains oxygenated blood from the lungs through four pulmonary veins and discharges blood into the left ventricle, which in turn pumps the blood through the aorta. During ventricular contraction, the two atrio ventricular valves also known as the tricuspid valves on the right side of the heart close and the mitral valves on the left side and the pulmonary aortic valves open.
Your Cardiac care team.

You won’t face cardiac disease alone. Many health care providers are involved in your care and every person plays a different and important role.
Physician specialists include,

     •Cardiologists; these are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of various cardiac diseases.
     •Cardiothoracic surgeons; They focus on cardiac related surgeries and the necessary follow up care.
     •Intensive Care Unit specialists; who are involved in taking care of patients while in the intensive care unit.
     •Anesthesiologists; who manage your anaesthesia during surgery and follow up with you durinpostoperativeve period.
Advanced practice clinicians
This group varies across the world from country to country.

They ininclude Nursing practitioners, Physician Assistants and  Clinical Officers. They have advanced degrees in their field of study and they provide a wide range of medical services under, the direction of a medical doctor.
Nurses and nurse assistants.
These normally work in intensive care units and are normally equipped with special knowledge of heart diseases.
Nursing Aassistants are actively  involved in much of your daily care at the hospital.

Other health care providers include

Social Workers; who are involved in your insurance and Homecare.
Nutritionists; they provide and follow up with your nutrition while in the hospital and provides nutritional advice and care for the heart-healthy individuals.
Pharmacists; who are involved in the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Respiratory therapists; who are involved in the rehabilitation of the breathing patterns of the patients.
Technicians; these group operates medical pieces of equipment for various procedures.

Cardiac Rehabilitation.
A cardiac rehabilitation programme is important in the reinforcement of every part of your treatment plan whether you are in the hospital or not.
A cardiac rehabilitation program encompasses the following services;

Exercise: Monitored exercise sessions are tailored to individuals needs and abilities. The involved Specialists monitor your heart rate, your EKG, blood pressure, signs and symptoms; and report your progress to the attending doctor.
Education: you are taught more about your disease, the procedures involved, signs and symptoms of the disease, the risk factors and positive lifestyle changes programmes.
Social and Emotional support programs: staff as well as other patients with heart conditions normally have social support groups that they normally convey together to share their journey and experiences in their recovery path.

The role of cardiac rehabilitation is to provide continuous support as you adjust to all the changes implied in your life by your diagnosis. Although it is tremendous and overwhelming work, most patients actually enjoy cardiac rehabilitation as cited from various research articles. They find the process to be interesting, encouraging and fun.

Emotional Challenges

After a heart diagnosis, many people have varying reactions.
Shock, disbelief and denial are the most immediate emotions experienced after your diagnosis. Many people find it unbelievable to acknowledge their diagnosis.
Some will experience anxiety, anger and even go into depression. This is further evidenced by the struggles that people go through in their new recommended daily routines. Some individuals will feel vulnerable while others will experience a series of bothersome thoughts that makes it difficult to have a positive outlook.

Fortunately, most people who experience these feelings report that they gradually go away. They further adhere to the fact that these feelings are part of the healing process.

How to overcome these challenges,

Reach out: Just some one to open up to and share your experiences. Talk to your health care providers who can in turn put you in touch with counselors, peer volunteers and religious guides who can help you and your family to get through this hard time.
Get practical: Sometimes the practical aspects of your care can turn out to be stressful. Talk to your health care providers in case you have any worries to put across. Your provider can connect you to a social worker or a case manager to help you out.
Take care of your emotional health: As you work with your health care providers in managing your physical health, it’s important to manage your emotional health as well. Physical and emotional health go hand in hand and one gains emotional health as he/she progresses well in his/her physical health.
Be patient: Normally emotional health improves with physical health, hence, one will probably feel more hopeful as he/she adapts to a healthier lifestyle. Try to stay optimistic as this will help you lead a life of purpose.

What to do when having a heart attack alone

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Friday, October 4, 2019

A chance for first aid?

Without immediate emergency calls, without immediate and uninterrupted practice of cardiac massage, you can not save patients. However, by chance, or rather by the benefit of a long investment, athletes must undergo first aid training to obtain their professional diplomas. The treatment of heart attack, or rather a cardiac arrest, is a fundamental element of all programs. The practice of cardiac massage is an easy gesture that must be emphasized.

If you are alone while having a heart attack

You should be able to take care of yourself and immediately call emergencies. An ambulance can arrive after a few minutes. Without cardiac massage, these minutes would have been if not fatal, consecutive heavy neurological consequences. Indeed, it must be remembered, every minute of lost about a 10% chance of saving the victim. After 10 minutes without doing anything, there is almost no chance of saving the victim. So Cardiac message is very important for saving a life.

What are the signs that need to alert?

The symptoms are visible. The pain is in the chest, Intense, squeezing the chest, distressing (the patient feels like he is going to die). Pains in the chest, shortness of breath during exercise or stress are associated with angina pectoris. In sports people, this can simply be manifested by a decline in performance.
Chest pain is all the more alarming if it is brutal, oppressive and particularly persistent. It can be a sign of an infarction, especially if it feels like being squeezed tightly in the sternum, radiates to the back, stomach, jaw, shoulders, arm and hand lefts. It can be accompanied by sweats and nausea. However, the symptoms of infarction are sometimes more discreet (bloating, shortness of breath, intense fatigue) or completely nonexistent, especially among diabetics, women and the elderly.

The pain can spread to the jaw, left arm, the last two fingers of the left hand, both arms and sometimes to the back or stomach. It is a lasting pain, more than 20 minutes, much stronger and resists the taking of usual analgesics.

Stroke can also manifest itself in a variety of symptoms: severe unusual headaches, confusion, loss of balance, difficulty in speaking or understanding, sudden vision loss or loss, weakness or paralysis of vision. 'a limb or a whole body. In any case, you have to react quickly.

Shortness of breath, sweating, agitation, nausea or vomiting, persistent hiccups may be associated. In practice, any chest pain lasting more than 20 minutes is suspect and requires prompt consultation with the cardiologist for an electrocardiogram and a blood test.

Call emergencies

One thing is certain: if in doubt, call emergencies. We are fortunate to have excellent services in our countries. Anywhere in Europe, emergencies can be present in less than 15 minutes. It's both very fast and far too long when every minute counts. These emergency standards are directed by medical regulators who can guide those who alert. Indeed, these professionals are better and better trained to take charge of a remote accident. they know how to better calm and face a serious accident.

Rescuers and novices also have the chance to download free applications on their smartphones to better react and get help from their neighbors if needed

What are the emergency treatments?

Percutaneous procedures, such as stenting, have become routine procedures. This involves introducing a small spring (stent) with a catheter to keep the artery open where it was obstructed. I personally realize between 8 and 10 per day. It takes less than half an hour, and without the need to open the patient, whereas twenty years ago, it was a heavy and very risky operation that lasted several hours A patient who has had such a procedure can have a life expectancy that is almost identical to that of someone who is not sick.

Do some sport activity for the prevention

Performing a sports activity each day for one hour helps to keep your heart healthy and reduce the risk of heart failure. This is proven by a recent Swedish scientific study.

According to researchers at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, an hour of moderate sport (swimming, jogging, etc.) or half an hour of sustained intensity (competition) would reduce heart failure by 46%.

This study, published in the American Heart Association's journal Circulation: Heart Failure, focused on analyzing the medical data of 39,805 people aged 20 to 90 years.

The volunteers had to answer questions about their daily habits, and especially about the frequency of their physical activity.

Scientists have noticed that the more active the person is, the lower their risk of heart failure. "You do not need to run a marathon to enjoy the benefits of your physical activity, even a very little activity can produce positive effects," says Professor Kasper Andersen, co-author of this study.

The World Health Organization already recommends adults to practice at least 150 minutes of moderate activity per week.

Treat yourself with your diet

Diet is very important for your overall health and for your heart also... I would recommend appointing a heart specialist and nutrition to give you a proper diet plan to keep your heart healthy and stronger. With proper diet, you can definitely fight with your disease. Along with, use pure dairy products because they are high in potassium to lower your blood pressure.

All kinds of berries like blueberries, strawberry, and vegetables can b a good choice for a heart patient. Avoid oily items and fast food as it is not healthy and a heart patient can not afford such a kind of diet.

Stress and smoking.

Yes, smoking kills! so when people smoke usually? when they are having stress. so it is good for you to take all these factors seriously. whenever you wanna smoke, just go for a walk in nature and feel your living self.


There are so many people who die just because of heart problems. Being a heart patient you need to be very careful and serious with your health... if you do so, you can beat your disease.... Stay happy

Doctors recommended tips to avoid heart attack and stay healthy

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Tips to avoid a heart attack

Myocardial infarction is no longer reserved for men who are overweight, who smoke and who are sedentary. It is rising among women in a worrying way. Unfortunately, there are risk factors that we can not act (men are twice as likely to have myocardial infarction as women), age (the risk is multiplied by two after 60 years) and heredity (risk multiplied by 1.5). On the other hand, it is possible to act on the other risk factors. The point with Dr. Fabien Guez, the cardiologist.

1. Stop smoking

The consequences of smoking are many: inflammation of the blood vessels causes clots to form, arteries become clogged faster, blood pressure rises ... The risk of having a heart attack is then multiplied by 5.

Arterial and cardiac lesions occur 20 to 30 years before lung damage. Lung cancer campaigns have always been focused while cardiovascular damage is coming right away. In the smoker, it is a very often acute accident right away that reveals the heart disease.

explains Dr. Fabien Guez, a cardiologist. He says in his book that 40% of victims of infarction are smokers and are under 45 years. Passive smokers are not spared, and for proof, since smoking is banned in public places, there is a 45% decrease in cardiovascular mortality among bartenders.

2. Avoid overweight

13% of adults are obese in the US, not counting overweight people. We all know the rules "hygiene-dietary" to follow: eat moderately, not too fat, not too sweet, respect portions 5 fruits and vegetables a day ... What confirms Dr. Fabien Guez:

change the diet regularly, gradually, eat any moderately, avoid diets too severe, fasting, processed foods, pastries, all these common-sense gestures that allow you to lose weight very slowly and not to gain weight.

We must eat less and better. A balanced diet and physical activity are the right doses, whatever the weight:

Better to be overweight and move rather than being lean and sedentary. It's not just weight that counts, there's also physical activity. At equal weight, the person who does physical exercise will have fewer heart problems than the one who does not.

3. Limit alcohol

Excessive alcohol consumption is a cardiovascular risk factor. It increases blood pressure, causes heart rhythm disorders such as arrhythmia or tachycardia. But not all alcohols are equal:

red wine is good for moderate-dose health, 1 or 2 glasses a day for women, 2 to 3 for men. Rosé causes cardiac arrhythmias, high-dose beer is diuretic and may lead to dehydration.

At the same time, how alcohol is consumed plays a role in heart health:

it is better to drink moderately daily than to get drunk on weekends. Binge drinking, which involves drinking a lot and quickly, is extremely dangerous.

Another negative consequence of alcohol: it opens the appetite so that during an aperitif, there is a tendency to nibble ...

4. Control your stress

Annoyances, family problems, conflicts at work, certain life events, financial worries, health problems that affect a loved one ... sources of stress are numerous, frequent and do not spare anyone.

Stress acts on the heart and arteries, on blood pressure but not on the same level as tobacco, overweight, cholesterol or high blood pressure

explains Dr. Guez. While stress is now considered a risk factor, it can also be a triggering factor. Indeed, stress called acute (aggression, argument, anger, accident, trauma) can cause a heart attack.

As for chronic stress (problems of money, family and professional conflicts), it acts gently but surely. For everyone to find ways to overcome their stress, it can go through physical exercise, psychological support, a recreation that can decompress well.

The solution is to find the cause of the stress and to treat it but it is not always obvious. Read this guide how to come out of depression for more information.

5. Play sports but not just how

Playing sports is good for everyone, everyone agrees, but you never say how, says Dr. Guez:

This is a problem because as much as sport is very good for health, it is a disaster if it is poorly practiced. 10 people who practice a sport, 5 do not practice the good and the other 5, 4 practice badly, they forget the basics.

The fundamentals are regularity,

you have to practice at least twice a week and go slowly, especially when you have stopped the sport for more or less long time. When we go too fast, we have heart problems, joints, muscles.

Another important point that we tend to forget: it is better to opt for an appropriate sport adapted to its psychological and physical profile, to its possible pathology. In addition, it is recommended to consult a cardiologist before returning to physical activity, moreover if one is in the presence of risk factors such as for overweight, cholesterol, or hypertension. Note: the practice of sport in a person with an untreated pathology will aggravate the latter.

6. Have sexual activity

A romantic relationship contributes to balance and fulfillment. The sexual activity has health benefits in general and more particularly on the heart, thanks to antidepressant and relaxing effects, related to the production of serotonin, dopamine or endorphins.

At a small level, it activates the blood circulation and helps eliminate toxins. According to a Canadian study, women who abstain have more cardiovascular risk. Finally, the idea of ​​infarction during intimate relationships is indeed a cliché. If it occurs, and exceptionally, it's a few hours after the act. That is said, by the way ...

7. Women and cardiovascular risks

Cardiovascular diseases, and in particular infarction, concern more and more women.

Cardiovascular mortality has become the leading cause of death in women. The woman smokes more, she takes hormones, she stresses professionally and her heart is different, the arteries are thinner, more easily reached. Risk factors are diabetes, hypertension, tobacco, stress, overweight, lack of physical activity. As for the combination of tobacco and pill, it is dangerous

because blood coagulates points out Dr. Guez. Phlebitis, pulmonary embolisms, strokes are more common. In addition, the symptoms of heart attack are:

Different in women, recalls Fabien Guez; abdominal pain, sudden and unusual fatigue.

Prevention involves a healthy and balanced diet, stopping smoking and regular physical activity. Women must take care of their arteries and their hearts, just like men. Finally, a visit to a cardiologist can take stock of his cardiovascular health and avoid any problem.
Read Also: what to do when having heart attack



7 foods to keep your heart healthy

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Wednesday, September 25, 2019

Nothing is more important than your health. You may exist with poor health but do not live. To enjoy a healthy life your heart must be strong as well as fit enough and for that, your food plays a major role. Your health is determined by the kind of food you eat so its must fore everyone to be aware of health care  tips.
“A controlled carbohydrate lifestyle really prevents risk factors for heart disease,” says Robert Atkins, an American Physician.
Having food with less fats and carbohydrates lowers the risk of heart disease. The probability of cardiac arrest increases with age. When you are young your heart is young but after reaching age 45 your heart gets weaker and the chance of coronary illness also increases simultaneously. And this is the age when one needs to be more conscious about one’s health and diet.
Here is a list of eatables to keep you and your heart healthy and strong: -

1Whole grains

A review was published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation, 14 reviews including more than 780,000 members found that higher intake of whole grains was related to a lower danger of death from heart and circulatory ailment and cancer.
Studies also show that eating whole grains instead of refined grains lowers the risk of:
  • ·         Stroke by 30 percent to 36 percent
  • ·         Type 2 diabetes by 21 percent to 30 percent
  • ·         heart disease by 25 percent to 28 percent
  • ·         Helps you maintain a healthy weight

1  Olive oil

Some types of fatty acids cause an increase in the cholesterol level while others may provide a protective benefit to heart. Olive oil contains unsaturated fats, which can help with HDL “good cholesterol” levels.
Olive oil is a great source of monosaturated fatty acids and reduces the risk of cardiac arrest.
Olive oil also contains antioxidants in its composition. They play a role in protecting Red Blood Cells from damage and thus prevent the heart from ailment and stroke.

1  Vegetables and Fruits

Heart health immediately improves when you start eating vegetables and fruits. They provide heart-healthy nutrients to heart which are beneficial for it in every way. Filling half of your meal plate with vegetables and fruits lower the risk of heart stroke. Doctors advise adding less fried veggies in the meal.

1Dark chocolate

If you are a chocoholic, the news from England is here for you: middle-aged and older adults who eat chocolate daily seem to have lower rates of heart disease as compared to those who don’t eat chocolate.
The reason behind this is that the cocoa bean is rich in a class of plant nutrients called flavonoids. Flavonoids work as anti-oxidants and also play an effective role in lowering blood pressure, improving blood flow to the brain and heart, and making blood platelets less sticky and able to clot.

1  Fish high in omega 3s

Eating fish helps your heart a lot. Eating fish one to two times a week can reduce your risk of dying with a heart attack. Fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial for that purpose.
Fatty fish, for example, Salmon, Trout, Herring, and Tuna are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and thus are more beneficial.
Also, keep in mind that any fish can be unhealthy depending upon its preparation method. Boiling or baking a fish is always a preferred option than deep-frying.

1Green tea

Clinical investigations on drinking green tea have discovered that it helps lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Powerful antioxidants in green tea, particularly one called epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG. It can help to prevent atherosclerosis, the development of plaque in the supply routes.


“A garlic clove a day may keep bad heart health”, said scientists.
It is a source of Vitamin C and B6, which regulate blood metabolism and functioning of the nervous system. Along with that garlic also contains minerals such as zinc, magnesium, and selenium, which assist in brain and nerve health.


5 lifestyle choices you must make for avoiding heart attack

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Wednesday, September 18, 2019

5 lifestyle choices you must make for avoiding heart attack

Cardiovascular diseases continue to be the commonest illnesses, affecting the health of individuals. Heart care is often compromised by the poor lifestyle choices made earlier in life. A research conducted on the prevalence of heart diseases showed that cardiac problems account for 31% of the total diseases encountered in hospitals around the world.

It is therefore stressed to be vigilant when adopting certain habits in daily life. Studies reveal that smart lifestyle choices can add up to 10 years in your life. However, most people either choose to stay aloof to this fact or are not aware of the consequences of adopting bad habits.

Picture source: https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/myocarditis

Here are 5 lifestyle choices you must make for avoiding heart attack and maintain good cardiac care.

1. Exercise regularly to strengthen the muscles of your heart

Physical activity helps in maintaining the longevity of muscles and plays a role in relaxing the mind. Only 28% of Americans practice exercise, reducing their chances to experience a heart attack.

Along with improving muscle activity, exercise increases blood circulation and leads to higher oxygen blood levels. Oxygen enhances the function of the brain and other organs. It is believed that adequate oxygen supply to the brain can boost cognitive skills.  

Moreover, It is frequently advised to diabetic people to exercise, to keep their blood sugar levels in control. The benefits of exercise are extensive and can not be compressed under a single heading.

2. Consume a diet rich in high density lipid 

The types of cholesterol are to be clearly understood before advancing towards a low cholesterol diet. Not every cholesterol has an adverse effect on health. High density Lipid (HDL) is essential for the recycling of low density lipid (LPD) or bad cholesterol. 

HDL transports LDL to the liver, where it is effectively metabolized. A diet low in HDL can actually increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Hence, it is recommended to keep a check on the amount of HDL taken per day. Low levels of HDL can be regained by avoiding cigarettes, maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly. 

An HDL level of 60 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) is healthy and must be maintained. Levels below 40 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) should be corrected as soon as possible, to eradicate the chances of heart disease.

3. Eat vegetables and fruits to gain antioxidants

We all have seen food advertisements, claiming to have anti oxidants in their food items. But why exactly foods with antioxidants, are marketed this extensively?

The reason for this is the property of antioxidants to eliminate reactive oxygen species (ROS). These species accumulate in cells and cause apoptosis (cell death). Apoptosis is a normal physiological process when activated within limits. An excessive collection of ROS can increase cell death rate and hence causes havoc.

Moreover, ROS have the ability to incorporate mutations in DNA and leads to the development of different cancers. Antioxidants found in vegetables and fruits can effectively reduce the population of ROS. A reduction in this species leads to a long lifespan of cells.

4. Quit smoking to live a problem free life

A wide variety of studies have established the fact that tobacco smoke is responsible for a range of cancers and chronic conditions. Tobacco slows down the healing process of tissues, allows fat deposition in vessels and is the chief cause of atherosclerosis (fatty plaque).

Most coronary artery bypass, are performed in patients who are heavy smokers. A study done by Surgeon General’s report, disclosed that cigarette smoking caused over 12 million deaths in 1964-2004. The casualties reported were due to lung cancer and ongoing heart diseases.

Several rehabilitation centres are set up to help smokers in quitting this sickening habit. However, the success in quitting smoking is achieved by personal will power and restraint. The best way to avoid a heart illness is to keep away from falling into the trap of giving a try to smoking the first time.

5. Keep your mental health in consideration

Mental health is as crucial as physical health. The stigma attached to getting mental help, often demotivates people to seek psychotherapy. A long standing mental instability such as depression or anxiety, builds up stress hormone levels in the blood.

The stress hormone: cortisol causes weight gain in people suffering from chronic depression. In addition to this, an unpredicted bad news can trigger the advancement of cardiac arrest. 

Cortisol can alter or alleviate functions of reproductive and immune systems. Reduction in immune responses leaves the body susceptible to other conditions that are effectively handled in stress free people.

Hence, it is  immensely stressed upon to adopt practices that aid in the improvement of heart health and overall well-being. These 5 lifestyle choices will help you in initiating healthier options and adopt further habits that are beneficial for your heart.

Care After Your Angioplasty & Stenting

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Care After Your Angioplasty &Stenting___By SabaSeptember 10, 2019Recovery from angioplasty/stenting is usually very brief, and many of the patients are able toreturn to their work life after a few weeks. Before you leave hospital, you’ll be given detailedinstructions for exercise, medications, follow-up appointments, ongoing wound care andresuming normal activities. But if you forget some things here and there, then this article is foryou.Although it’s very common to feel ‘different’ for a short while after your coronaryangioplasty/stenting procedure, but with precautions and care, you’ll be able to return to yournormal life in a short while (but don’t get me wrong, it will still take some weeks! ).

So, here are some of the things that you need to be careful of during your recovery.

1.Eating Habits 

Well, as the saying goes, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” You’ll be told by your doctor to eat a well balanced healthy diet. You’ll need to avoid greasy foods and fast foods. This will help your body to heal, reduce your risk of complications and enable you to recover well. A healthy diet will also reduce the risk of plaque building up in your arteries again. A healthy diet provides your body with plenty of heart-protective nutrients - like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and dietary fibre. Ideally, your diet should include: 

● Meat - and/or meat alternatives such as eggs, tofu, legumes and nuts 
● Fish - 2 serves of oily fish per week such as salmon, mackerel or sardines will help you get plenty of heart healthy omega-3 fats.
● Whole Grains - good wholegrain choices include wholemeal or wholegrain bread or crackers, brown rice, wholemeal pasta, quinoa, freekah, barley, rye, rolled oats, polenta and couscous.
● Dairy - preferably low fat
● Healthy fats - a small amount of healthy fats and oils from nuts, seeds, avocado and oily fish
● Water - avoid sugary soft drinks and drink alcohol only in moderation Aim to consume 2 serves of fruit and 5 serves of vegetables and 4 or more serves of wholegrains - depending on your energy needs. Some other tips to help you eat well include:
● Reduce your salt intake - use as little salt as possible when cooking as this will help to lower your blood pressure and help prevent fluid retention
● Avoid sugary foods - these are often eaten in place of healthy foods and can contribute to weight gain. 


Since you’ve got your angioplasty, you should just kick that smoking out of your life (if you were a smoker before...). Smoking does no good to your body and doing it again would only increase your chances of getting another heart disease. So, quit smoking and have that healthy lifestyle.


You should start exercising, because it will help to speed up your recovery, and it’s a key component of a healthy lifestyle. Exercise increases your fitness levels, helps control blood pressure, weight and cholesterol, and keep you relaxed. Start with short and simple walks, and gradually increase the length and intensity. You can walk as much as you like as long as you feel comfortable, and daily walking - if only for a few minutes, like 10-20 minutes - is ideal. If you have any questions about your exercise program, ask your physiotherapist or occupational therapist.

4.Other Activities 

As you recover from your angioplasty/stenting, you’ll need to ease back into your regular activities slowly. 
● Driving – if you have not had a heart attack, you can resume driving as soon as 2 days after your surgery. If you have had a heart attack, though, you will need to discuss with your doctor when you can resume driving. Also, if you drive a commercial vehicle, including a taxi, you won’t be able to drive for 4 weeks and will need clearance from your doctor. 
● Heavy lifting - it’s best to avoid lifting objects heavier than 5kg for 1 week. If any work or leisure activities involve heavy physical activity, discuss these with your doctor or cardiac rehabilitation team.
 ● Travelling - Metal detectors used in airports and other screening areas don't affect stents. Your stent won’t cause metal detectors to go off. So, there you have it. Remember to take very good care of yourself and stay healthy, so that you can recover faster and live a happy lifestyle.

Get to know how the Cardiovascular Care unit operates

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Saturday, September 14, 2019

Get to know how the Cardiovascular Care unit operates

A cardiovascular care unit specializes to impart care to heart patients. It is a well known fact that a heart patient recovering from an open-heart surgery or even stent angioplasty, needs special care to return to his healthy condition.

Picture source: https://parisregionalmedical.com/departments/intensive-care-unit/

Why a Cardiovascular care unit is essential?

Cardiovascular diseases lead to more complex illnesses and are associated with the highest mortality rates in the world. Around 17.5 million fatalities were reported in 2016; the cause being cardiovascular diseases. It is therefore an alarming situation when this huge amount of the population suffers from a possibly fatal condition.

The first Cardiovascular care units were founded in the 1960s; to fulfill the needs of this high number of CVD patients. Thorough and organized care units were introduced that had a skilled staff. The staff comprises:

  • Doctors
  • Nurses
  • Perfusionists
  • Bio technologists
  • Technicians

This team is composed of a lengthy list of health care workers who function to maintain stability in a patient’s condition.
A myocardial infarction or heart attack is a routinely managed case. Other heart illnesses include cardiac arrhythmia, a heart block and defibrillation. All of these require proper monitoring.

Monitoring is performed not only by the health care staff, but by machines that continuously signify the current health status of the patient. The purpose of these machines, are mentioned below:

Electrocardiography: As the name suggests, the function of an electrocardiogram machine is to record the electric activity of the heart. This is shown on a computer generated graph.

Mechanical Ventilator: It helps to maintain oxygenation when the patient’s pulmonary system is compromised.

 Invasive procedures for diagnosis

Pulmonary artery catheters: This is done to evaluate:

  • The presence of sepsis,
  • To detect heart failure 
  • Look for the effects of certain drugs

A catheter is inserted through the femoral, brachial or jugular vein and, is passed until it reaches to the right side of the heart. It is then connected to the pulmonary artery.

Helium filled intra aortic Balloon pump: A balloon is inserted in the aorta (the artery that supplies blood from the heart to the body). The balloon is filled with helium and functions to increase the heart’s oxygen supplying capacity. It inflates and deflates in response to the rhythm of the heart.

Indications for the admission in Cardiovascular care unit.

Not all cardiovascular problems require a minute to minute monitoring. Patients who have been admitted after an unstable cardiac arrest or those with heart block, are usually shifted to the intensive care unit.

There is an increased risk of arrhythmias in patients with cardiac arrest. And hence, their severe condition demands constant monitoring to avoid any fatal outcome.

 Every health care worker is aware of the unexpected complications that usually arise subsequent to an open-heart surgery. Patients who have undergone an invasive surgery such as that of coronary artery bypass, are to be monitored closely after the operation. This close monitoring by the health staff is provided in the cardiovascular care unit.

Decompensated heart failure is another critical condition, that needs a thorough evaluation dispensed by the Cardiovascular care unit. Such patients have an unstable state that is prone to further deterioration, at any time. 

People with an immediate requirement for heart transplantation, have a dire need to be admitted to the care unit. Their condition might seem stable, but does require monitoring to maintain the stability until a donor is fetched.

Cardiovascular care units are one of the busiest hospital wards, due to the exponential rise in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. A research was conducted in the US, to measure the number of patients suffering from Congestive Heart failure. According to this research, a total of 5  million Americans, including children and adults, undergo treatment for the condition quoted  above.

3 major reasons for the accelerated increase in Cardiovascular diseases

Poor diet: The drastic effects of consuming Low Density Lipids (LDL) has been advocated since the inception of medical care. But a larger population seems to ignore the advice and continues on ingesting food with LDL. This leads to the gradual deposition of fats in the coronary arteries, which thereby causes heart attack.

Sedentary Lifestyle: Physical activity helps in the revival of muscles and aids in better circulation of blood. The habit of physical exercise has greatly decreased with the advancement of technology.

Psychological stress: Prolonged stress can exhaust the energy stores of the body and can lead to an episode of cardiac arrest. Depression is becoming prevalent and so are cardiovascular diseases.

Interventions to treat cardiac problems have evolved over the years. The cost of the resources for these treatments, is exceptionally high. This is why prevention is still stressed upon than getting treatments. It is repeatedly advised to work towards changing lifestyle, that is both better for the heart and the mind.

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