What is Cardiovascular Disease Types Symptoms Risk Factors Treatment and Prevention

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Friday, June 21, 2019

Cardiovascular Disease Defination 

What is Cardiovascular Disease Types Symptoms Risk Factors Treatment and Prevention
Cardiovascular disease
is a type of heart disease refers to conditions that contain narrowed or blocked blood vessels That could cause a heart attack, chest pain(angina) or stroke.Different coronary heart situations, inclusive of those that have an effect on your coronary heart muscle, valves or rhythm also are considered form of coronary heart disease

    What is Cardiovascular Disease

    Cardiovascular disease is general term used to explain a range of problems that affect the heart. Cardiovascular disease, which is also called coronary heart disease, are the leading causes of heart disease and dying among females and males in the United States of America.

    The term cardiovascular disease encompasses diseases of the blood vessels, which includes coronary artery disease; heart rhythm issues arrhythmias, coronary heart infections and congenital coronary heart defects.Narrowing of the blood vessels is a common signs of heart disease.

    Types of Cardiovascular Disease

    Coronary heart disease is the most common types of heart disease. It takes place whilst the arteries supplying blood to the narrowing of arteries or harden from the build-up of plaque. Plaque is made up of fats, cholesterol and different materials found in the blood. This plaque construct-up is also referred to as atherosclerosis. The site of the plaque determines the types of coronary heart disease:
    • Coronary artery disease: is the build-up of plaque inside the arteries providing blood to the coronary heart.
    • Peripheral artery disease: is the build-up of plaque within the arteries providing blood to the arms and legs.
    • Carotid artery disease: is the build-up of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the mind.

    The decrease in blood level because of plaque build-up can lead to chest pain also called angina, that are the signs of a heart attack.

    Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease 

    There are many different kinds of  vascular disease. Symptoms will vary, depending on the particular kind of disease an affected person has.

    However standard coronary artery disease symptoms consist of:
    • Pains or stress inside the chest, which is referred as angina
    • Pain or discomfort within the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back side
    • Shortness of breath  also called dyspnea
    • Nausea and fatigue
    • Mild-headed or faint
    • cold sweat

    symptoms vary and are particular to the situation of the person, but these are most common symptom of cardiovascular disease.

    Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors 

    Risk Factors for heart disease are specific habits, behaviors, circumstances or situations that grow a person’s chances of developing cardiovascular disease, which includes lack of exercise, unhealthy foods and lifestyle , smoking, diabetes, age and family history.

    Risk Factors for coronary heart disease can be divided into two major categories: modifiable and non-modifiable. 
    Non-modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors are those factors which cannot be modified. These includes a person’s age, ethnicity and circle of relatives (genetics can't be changed), among other elements. 
    Modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors are those factors that may be reduced or managed with altered behaviour. by making certain way of life changes, humans are able to decrease their chances of developing vascular disease. Examples include smoking, food and exercising.

    Having one or more risk  factors increases a person’s chances of growing cardiovascular disease. it does not, however, imply that cardiovascular disease is inevitability. following are the coronary artery disease risk factors:

    • Family history: A family records of high blood pressure, excessive cholesterol and type 2 diabetes also can increase one’s possibilities of growing those situations, which can in turn growth the risks of cardiovascular disease.
    • Age: Older people are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Even though the process of getting older can't be modified,a healthy life-style is usually recommended to help reduce the chance of growing heart and circulatory situations.
    • Sex: females have a tendency to expand cardiovascular disease at an older age than males. This later age of onset in women is tend to be linked to the hormonal changes that observe menopause.
    • Socioeconomic status: People who have a low socioeconomic reputation seem to be at a more risk of cardiovascular disease. Despite the fact that the motives at the back of this are multiple and their relationships complex, weight loss program is normally taken into consideration to be considered one of the biggest factors, with those from a better socioeconomic background generally having greater access to more nutritionally-balanced weight loss plan.
    • Ethnicity: Records advise that people of south asian, african or caribbean descent have a greater risk of growing cardiovascular disease. Type 2 diabetes – a danger issue in itself for cardiovascular disease – additionally seems to be extra frequent among those corporations. The reasons for this are difficult to outline.
    • Cholesterol: Excessive ranges of ldl cholesterol are often caused by factors consisting of an bad food regimen, smoking, physical state of being inactive, excessive alcohol intake and liver and kidney disorder. To reduce ldl levels of cholesterol, people can eat a balanced weight loss plan, undertake normal workout and quit smoking.
    • High blood pressure:  High blood pressure is often linked to being overweight, bodily inaction, a excessive intake of salt or alcohol or a family records of the disease, however in a some cases may additionally don't have any apparent cause. Lifestyle adjustments may additionally help to lessen excessive blood pressure and, in severe cases, medication may be prescribed.
    • Diabetes: Having a balanced food plan, taking everyday workout and leading a typically healthy way of life can both help manage diabetes in people who have already got the circumstance and assist save you the onset of the circumstance in those who don’t. In people with diabetes, cautious management of blood sugar is very important to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
    • Smoking: Smoking damages and narrows the arteries, making angina pectoris and coronary heart attack more likely. Angina pectoris is a circumstance characterized by pain or discomfort inside the center of the chest, resulting from the heart muscle not getting sufficient blood. Nicotine also makes the coronary heart beat faster and will increase blood pressure, meaning the heart has to pump harder to supply blood across the parts of body.
    • Physical inactivity: Bodily state of being inactive is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Not workout frequently increases a person’s chances of being over weight, of getting high blood pressure  and of growing different situations that make cardiovascular disease much more likely. To see tremendous health benefits, experts advice that adults do at least a 150 minutes of moderate to excessive workout in a week. If this isn't possible, any amount of physical activity is always greatest to none at all.
    • Obesity (Being Over Weight):Taking steps to lose weight through way of life and dietary plan changes can assist reduce the danger of various cardiovascular situations, which include coronary heart disease facts and congestive heart failure.
    • Diet: To lower the risks a balanced food plan made up of natural fruits juices and vegetables, complex carbohydrates and protein should be aimed at and extra fat, salts and sugars should be avoided.

    Cardiovascular Disease Treatment

    Treatment will depend on the form of circumstance that a person has.

    Alternatives consist of:

    • Lifestyle adaptations, along with weight manage, exercising, quitting smoking, and nutritional adjustments
    • Medication, as an instance, to reduce ldl cholesterol
    • Surgical operation, which include coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
    • Cardiac rehabilitation, together with exercise and counseling

    Treatment aims to:

    • Relieve symptoms
    • Reduce the risk of the condition recurring or worsening
    • Prevent Complications

    Relying at the situation, it could additionally aim to stabilize heart rhythms, reduce blockages, and widen the arteries to allow a higher flow of blood.

    Cardiovascular Disease Preventions

    Most of cvds are preventable. It is important to deal with risk factors by:

    • Consuming less alcohol and tobacco
    • Ingesting natural fruit and vegetables
    • Reducing salt consumption
    • Avoiding sedentary lifestyles particularly among kids
    Terrible habits at some stage in childhood will not lead to cardiovascular disease while the man or woman remains younger; but they could cause problems that preserve into adulthood, ensuing in a more chance of getting a cardiovascular sickness later in existence.

    Children who intake plenty of salt have a far higher risk of high blood pressure while they're adults, in addition to heart disease and stroke. Parent should additionally maintain a close eye on how saturated fats and sugar an infant consumes.

    Everything you need to know about Heart Diseases and their Types

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    Everything you need to know about heart diseases and types of heart diseases

    What is Heart disease

    Coronary heart disease describes a scope of conditions that influence your heart. Diseases under the coronary illness umbrella incorporate blood vessel disease, for example, coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problem (arrhythmias) and heart imperfections among others.
    The expression "coronary heart disease" is regularly utilized conversely with the expression "cardiovascular disease." Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that include limited or blocked arteries that can prompt a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart conditions that affect heart's muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease that may lead to serious kind of heart disease or stroke.

    Different Types of Heart Diseases

    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Heart arrhythmia
    • Coronary artery disease
    • Cardiomyopathy
    • Heart failure
    • Myocarditis
    • Cardiomegaly
    • Coronary vasospasm
    • Cardiotoxicity
    • Carditis
    • Postpericardiotomy Syndrome
    • Coronary steal
    • Coronary artery aneurysm
    • Right axis deviation
    • Idiopathic giant-cell myocarditis
    • Cardiac amyloidosis
    • Subacute bacterial endocarditis
    • Keshan disease
    • Cardiophobia
    • Cardiorenal syndrome
    • Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis
    • Myocardial scarring
    • Shone's syndrome
    • Traumatic cardiac arrest
    • Ventricular aneurysm
    • Myocardial rupture
    • Atrioventricular fistula
    • Acute decompensated heart failure
    • Coxsackievirus-induced cardiomyopathy
    • Isolated atrial amyloidosis
    • Myocardial stunning
    • Spontaneous coronary artery dissection
    • Roemheld syndrome
    • Cardiogenic shock
    • Coronary artery anomaly
    • Athletic heart syndrome
    • Endocardial fibroelastosis
    • Diastolic heart failure
    • Viral cardiomyopathy
    • Eisenmenger's syndrome

    Eat these Artery Cleansing Foods that Cleanse Your Arteries

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    Thursday, June 20, 2019

    artery cleanse, artery cleansing foods, how to clear arteries, foods that unclog arteries, foods to clear arteries

    Eat these Artery Cleansing Foods that Cleanse Your Arteries

    Eat these Artery Cleansing Foods that Cleanse Your Arteries

    The No. 1 killer on the planet is coronary illness, which records for one out of four passings, as indicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What makes coronary illness so savage is the dynamic development of plaque in the supply routes, which limits the inward dividers, confining and at last hindering the progression of blood. 

    Conduits are the veins that convey oxygen-rich blood from the heart to various tissues in the body. At the point when plaque develops and blood stream winds up repressed, these stopped up or blocked conduits can prompt progressively significant issues, for example, heart assault, stroke and other cardiovascular sicknesses. So what would you be able to do to keep your conduits sound and free of blockage? Nourishment can be utilized as a characteristic solution for relapse blockage and avoid further harm to your conduits. Here are 10 of the best sustenances you can eat to free your supply routes of develop. 

    1. Asparagus 

    Asparagus is a standout amongst the best sustenances to wash down your supply routes. Brimming with fiber and minerals, it enables lower to pulse and counteract blood clumps that can prompt genuine cardiovascular ailment. It works inside the veins and conduits to ease aggravation that may have collected after some time. It supports the body's creation of glutathione, a cell reinforcement that battles irritation and avoids harming oxidation that causes obstructed or blocked corridors. It likewise contains alpha-linoleic corrosive and folic corrosive, which forestall solidifying of the courses. 

    There are numerous extraordinary plans for asparagus. Steam it, cook it, barbecue it and even eat it crude in servings of mixed greens. 

    2. Avocado 

    Avocado lessens the "awful" cholesterol and increment the "great cholesterol" that clears the veins. It likewise contains nutrient E, which counteracts cholesterol oxidation, just as potassium, which is known to lower pulse. Avocados are a delectable substitution for mayo on a sandwich, or as a serving of mixed greens besting, and obviously, in guacamole. 

    3. Broccoli 

    Broccoli can counteract supply route stopping up in light of the fact that it is stacked with nutrient K, which keeps calcium from harming the corridors. Broccoli likewise forestalls cholesterol oxidation and is loaded with fiber, which brings down circulatory strain and decreases pressure. Stress can prompt tearing and plaque develop of blood vessel dividers. These little trees additionally contain sulforaphane, which enables the body to utilize protein to avert plaque develop in the veins. 

    It is prescribed to have a few servings of broccoli for every week for the greatest advantages. Broccoli is another adaptable vegetable—it tastes extraordinary barbecued, simmered or steamed and is an incredible side dish. 

    4. Greasy Fish 

    Greasy fish—mackerel, salmon, sardines, herring and fish—are wealthy in sound fats, which can clear the corridors. Omega-3 unsaturated fats help to build the "great" cholesterol while lessening triglyceride levels, diminishing vein irritation and the development of blood clusters in the courses, and can even lower circulatory strain. 

    The American Heart Association (AHA) prescribes individuals eat fish in any event two times every week to diminish plaque develop. Prepared and flame broiled fish are the most ideal for heart wellbeing.

    5. Nuts 

    Rather than going after the treat container, attempt a more advantageous option—nuts. Almonds are the best decision since they are high in monounsaturated fats, nutrient E, fiber and protein. The magnesium in almonds additionally averts plaque development and brings down circulatory strain. Pecans are another great wellspring of omega-3 unsaturated fat, which will lessen "awful" cholesterol and raise "great" cholesterol levels, which thus brings down the danger of plaque develop in the courses. 

    The AHA prescribes three to five servings for every week (one serving is identical to a bunch). Nuts likewise make an incredible plate of mixed greens topper. 

    6. Olive Oil 

    Olive oil is wealthy in monounsaturated oleic corrosive, a fundamental unsaturated fat that brings down "awful" cholesterol and raises "great" cholesterol. Wealthy in cancer prevention agents, it is one of the most advantageous oils to use in cooking or for dressings. 

    Utilize olive oil rather than margarine and shower over serving of mixed greens or pasta. It is prescribed to pick 100 percent natural virgin olive oil for most extreme medical advantages. 

    7. Watermelon 

    This mid year most loved is an extraordinary common wellspring of the amino corrosive L-citrulline, which lifts nitric oxide creation in the body. Nitric oxide makes the courses unwind, diminishes aggravation and can help lower pulse. Watermelon additionally changes blood lipids and brings down paunch fat aggregation. Less fat in the stomach zone brings down the danger of coronary illness. 

    8. Turmeric 

    The primary segment of this zest is curcumin, which is a power calming. Aggravation is a noteworthy reason for arteriosclerosis, or the solidifying of the supply routes. Turmeric additionally diminishes the harm to blood vessel dividers, which can cause blood clusters and plaque develop. Turmeric additionally contains nutrient B6, which keeps up solid dimensions of homocysteine, which can cause plaque development and vein harm in abundance sums. 

    Turmeric can be a fixing in numerous dishes, both sweet and exquisite. One approach to get your day by day portion is by drinking a glass of warm turmeric milk every day. In the event that you've never cooked with it, presently's an ideal opportunity to get imaginative for your wellbeing! 

    9. Spinach 

    This dull, verdant green is loaded up with potassium, folate and fiber, which enables lower to circulatory strain and anticipates vein blockage. One serving for each day helps lower homocysteine levels, a hazard factor for heart maladies, for example, atherosclerosis. 

    It doesn't make a difference on the off chance that you eat it crude or cooked, the advantages are the equivalent. So attempt it in servings of mixed greens, smoothies and even on your omelet. 

    10. Entire Grains 

    Entire grains contain solvent fiber, which ties to the abundance LDL cholesterol in your stomach related tract and expels it from your body. Entire grains likewise contain magnesium, which enlarges veins and keeps your circulatory strain at ordinary dimensions. 

    The AHA suggests in any event six day by day servings of entire grains, so exchange your carbs for entire grain options like entire grain breads, entire wheat pastas, darker rice, quinoa, grain and oats to improve cholesterol levels and keep your conduits clear. 

    Rolling out these improvements to your eating routine can improve your general wellbeing, and keep your courses from blockage. Fortunately, these alternatives are heavenly and give unlimited chances to new plans and inventiveness.

    What to do if someone is having a Heart Attack - Heart Attack Treatment First Aid

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    Sunday, June 16, 2019

    What to do if someone is having a Heart Attack - Heart Attack Treatment First Aid

    Someone having a heart attack may experience any or all of the following:
    • Uncomfortable pressure
    • fullness or squeezing pain in the center of the chest
    • Discomfort or pain spreading beyond the chest to the shoulders, neck, jaw, teeth, or one or both arms, or occasionally upper abdomen
    • Shortness of breath
    • Lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting
    • Sweating
    • Nausea

    Heart attack symptoms

    A heart attack occurs when there is no supply of blood to the heart. The blockage is most is due to the buildup of fats, cholesterol and other substances, which form a plaque in the arteries that feed the heart. 

    Many people think the warning signs of a heart attack are sudden, like a movie heart attack, where someone clutches his chest and falls over. A real heart attack may look and feel very different.

    Common heart attack signs and symptoms include:

    • Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back
    • Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Cold sweat
    • Fatigue
    • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness

    Heart attack symptoms vary

    Not everybody who have heart attacks have the same signs and symptoms. Some have slight pain; others have more excessive pain. Some don't have any symptoms; for others, the primary signal may be sudden cardiac arrest. However, the more symptoms you got, the greater are the chance you're having a coronary heart attack.

    Some heart attack strike suddenly, but many people have warning signs and symptoms hours, days or perhaps weeks in advance. The earliest caution is probably recurrent chest pain or stress (angina) that's brought on by exertion and relieved by way of relaxation.which is caused by a temporary decrease in blood flow to the heart.

    How to Stop Heart Attack Immediately

    Put Time on Your Side: responding quickly can save lives. If given fast after signs, clot-busting and artery-establishing medications can prevent a coronary heart attack. The longer you wait for treatment, the more possibilities of survival goes down and damage to the heart is goes up. Most of the people who die from heart attacks do so within the first hour after symptoms begin.
    What to do if someone is having a Heart Attack - Heart Attack Treatment First Aid

    What to Do Before Paramedics Arrive

    • Try to keep the person calm, and have them sit or lie down.
    • If the person is not allergic to aspirin, have them chew and swallow a baby aspirin. (It works faster when chewed and not swallowed whole.)
    • If the person stops breathing, you or someone else who’s qualified should perform CPR right away. If you don't know CPR, the 911 operator can help you until EMS personnel arrive.
    • Be Prepared

    Nobody plans on having a coronary heart attack. It’s good to be prepared. Steps you can take before signs begin:

    • Memorize the list of heart attack symptoms and warning signs.
    • Remember that you need to call 911 within 5 minutes of when they begin.
    • Talk to family and friends about the warning signs and the importance of calling 911 immediately.
    • Know your risk factors and do what you can to reduce them.
    • Create a heart attack survival plan that includes information about medicines you’re taking, your allergies, your doctor's number, and people to contact in case you go to the hospital. Keep this information in your wallet.
    • Arrange to have someone care for your dependents if an emergency happens.
    If you think someone is having a heart attack do this immediately to save a life:

    Heart Attack Treatment First Aid

    • Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
    • Loosen any tight clothing.
    • Ask if the person takes any chest pain medicine, such as nitroglycerin, for a known heart condition, and help them take it.
    • If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help.
    • If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, call 911 (or your local emergency number), then begin CPR.
    • If an infant or child is unconscious and unresponsive, perform 1 minute of CPR, then call 911.

    What to do if you or someone else may be having a heart attack

    Call 911 or your local medical emergency number. Don't ignore or attempt to tough out the symptoms of a heart attack for more than five minutes. If you don't have access to emergency medical services, have a neighbor or a friend drive you to the nearest hospital. 

    Drive yourself only as a last resort, and realize that it places you and others at risk when you drive under these circumstances.

    Chew and swallow an aspirin, unless you are allergic to aspirin or have been told by your doctor never to take aspirin. But seek emergency help first, such as calling 911.

    Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed. If you think you're having a heart attack and your doctor has previously prescribed nitroglycerin for you, take it as directed. Do not take anyone else's nitroglycerin, because that could put you in more danger.

    Begin CPR if the person is unconscious. If you're with a person who might be having a heart attack and he or she is unconscious, tell the 911 dispatcher or another emergency medical specialist. You may be advised to begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). If you haven't received CPR training, doctors recommend skipping mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing and performing only chest compressions (about 100 per minute). The dispatcher can instruct you in the proper procedures until help arrives.
    If an automated external defibrillator (AED) is available and the person is unconscious, begin CPR while the device is retrieved and set up. Attach the device and follow instructions that will be provided by the AED after it has evaluated the person's condition.

    What to do if someone is having a Heart Attack - Heart Attack Treatment First Aid

    How to Prevent Congestive Heart Failure

    Your lifestyle affects your heart health. 

    The following steps can help you not only prevent but also recover from a heart attack:

    Avoid smoke. The most important thing you can do to improve your heart's health is to not smoke. Also, avoid being around secondhand smoke. If you need to quit, ask your doctor for help.

    Control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. If one or both of these is high, your doctor can prescribe changes to your diet and medications. Ask your doctor how often you need to have your blood pressure and cholesterol levels monitored.

    Get regular medical checkups. Some of the major risk factors for heart attack — high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes — cause no symptoms early on. Your doctor can perform tests to check for these conditions and help you manage them, if necessary.

    Exercise regularly. Regular exercise helps improve heart muscle function after a heart attack and helps prevent a heart attack by helping you to control your weight, diabetes, cholesterol and blood pressure. Exercise needn't be vigorous. Walking 30 minutes a day, five days a week can improve your health.

    Maintain a healthy weight. Excess weight strains your heart and can contribute to high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes.

    Eat a heart-healthy diet. Saturated fat, trans fats and cholesterol in your diet can narrow arteries to your heart, and too much salt can raise blood pressure. Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes lean proteins, such as fish and beans, plenty of fruits and vegetables and whole grains.

    Manage diabetes. High blood sugar is damaging to your heart. Regular exercise, eating well and losing weight all help to keep blood sugar levels at more-desirable levels. Many people also need medication to manage their diabetes.

    Control stress. Reduce stress in your day-to-day activities. Rethink workaholic habits and find healthy ways to minimize or deal with stressful events in your life.
    If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. For healthy adults, that means up to one drink a day for women and men older than age 65, and up to two drinks a day for men age 65 and younger.

    Heart Attack Treatment at a Hospital

    Each minute after a heart attack, more heart tissue deteriorates or dies. Restoring blood flow quickly helps prevent heart damage.

    Medications given to treat a heart attack at hospital might include:

    Aspirin. The 911 operator might tell you to take aspirin, or emergency medical personnel might give you aspirin immediately. Aspirin reduces blood clotting, thus helping maintain blood flow through a narrowed artery.

    Thrombolytics. These drugs, also called clotbusters, help dissolve a blood clot that's blocking blood flow to your heart. The earlier you receive a thrombolytic drug after a heart attack, the greater the chance you'll survive and have less heart damage.

    Antiplatelet agents. Emergency room doctors may give you other drugs known as platelet aggregation inhibitors to help prevent new clots and keep existing clots from getting larger.
    Other blood-thinning medications. You'll likely be given other medications, such as heparin, to make your blood less "sticky" and less likely to form clots. Heparin is given intravenously or by an injection under your skin.

    Pain relievers. You might be given a pain reliever, such as morphine.
    Nitroglycerin. This medication, used to treat chest pain (angina), can help improve blood flow to the heart by widening (dilating) the blood vessels.

    Beta blockers. These medications help relax your heart muscle, slow your heartbeat and decrease blood pressure, making your heart's job easier. Beta blockers can limit the amount of heart muscle damage and prevent future heart attacks.
    ACE inhibitors. These drugs lower blood pressure and reduce stress on the heart.
    Statins. These drugs help control your blood cholesterol.
    Surgical and other procedures

    In addition to medications, you might have one of these procedures to treat your heart attack:

    Coronary angioplasty and stenting. In this procedure, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), doctors insert a long, thin tube (catheter) that's passed through an artery in your groin or wrist to a blocked artery in your heart. If you've had a heart attack, this procedure is often done immediately after a cardiac catheterization, a procedure used to find blockages.

    This catheter has a special balloon that, once in position, is briefly inflated to open a blocked coronary artery. A metal mesh stent might then be inserted into the artery to keep it open long term, restoring blood flow to the heart. Depending on your condition, you might get a stent coated with a slow-releasing medication to help keep your artery open.

    Coronary artery bypass surgery. In some cases, doctors perform emergency bypass surgery at the time of a heart attack. If possible, however, you might have bypass surgery after your heart has had time — about three to seven days — to recover from your heart attack.

    Bypass surgery involves sewing veins or arteries in place beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery, allowing blood flow to the heart to bypass the narrowed section.

    Once blood flow to your heart is restored and your condition is stable, you're likely to remain in the hospital for several days.
    Cardiac rehabilitation

    Most hospitals offer programs that might start while you're in the hospital and continue for weeks to a couple of months after you return home. Cardiac rehabilitation programs generally focus on four main areas — medications, lifestyle changes, emotional issues and a gradual return to your normal activities.

    It's extremely important to participate in this program. People who attend cardiac rehab after a heart attack generally live longer and are less likely to have another heart attack or complications from the heart attack. If cardiac rehab is not recommended during your hospitalization, ask your doctor about it.

    Ischemic Heart Disease | Symptoms of Blocked Arteries | What Causes Blocked Arteries | Clogged Arteries Treatment

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    Wednesday, June 12, 2019

    Ischemic Heart Disease

    What is ischemia?

    Ischaemia means "reduced blood supply". Ischaemic heart disease is characterized by reduced blood supply to the heart.

    What is ischemic heart disease?

    Ischemic or Ischaemia is a heart problems caused by narrowing of the arteries. When arteries are narrowed, less blood and oxygen reaches to the heart muscle. This is also called coronary heart disease. This can ultimately lead to Massive heart attack

    here you can learn How to Treat heart Attack

    Symptoms of Ischemia Heart Disease

    Symptoms of Ischemia includes chest pain or discomfort known as angina pectoris.

    Clogged Arteries 

    Healthy arteries have smooth inner walls in which blood flows easily. Some people however, develop clogged arteries that result from a buildup of a substance called plaque on the inner walls of the arteries. Arterial plaque can reduce blood flow in arteries or block it altogether.

    What causes Clogged Arteries?

    Plaque that accumulates on inner walls of arteries is made from various objects like calcium, fat, cholesterol and fibrin, a material that is involved in blood clotting. In response to plaque buildup, cells in artery walls multiply and secrete additional substances that can be the cause of narrowing of the arteries.

    What Causes Blocked Arteries

    Blocked arteries can become too narrow to work properly. While you may have no special signs, symptoms can develop as plaque builds up in the arteries.This disease develops over a lifetime with varying symptoms which include pain or cramping in the thighs, buttocks, or calves when walking. Numbness in their legs,develop leg ulcers that don’t heal. If blocked artery in heart remain, a total loss of circulation to the legs and feet can occur, sometimes resulting in gangrene and the loss of a limb.

    Other symptoms of blocked arteries may include shortness of breath and excessive fatigue after doing any physical activity.

    Some common risks factors for blocked arteries are:

    • A diet high in saturated and trans fats, salt, and processed foods
    • Lack of exercise
    • Stress
    • Diabetes
    • High blood pressure
    • High cholesterol
    • Cigarette smoking
    • Sedentary lifestyle
    • Genetics

    Having more than one of these risk factors by clogged arteries in heart,increases your chances of developing blocked arteries. For example, if you don’t exercise, you may become overweight or obese, which increases your chances of developing diabetes and/or high blood pressure.

    Symptoms of Clogged Arteries?

    In many cases, clogged arteries do not cause special symptoms until any major event like a heart attack occurs.on the other hand especially when the artery is blocked by 70% or greater then this, buildup of arterial plaque may cause these symptoms like:
    • Chest pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Heart palpitations
    • Weakness or dizziness
    • Nausea
    • Sweating

    The first symptom, chest pain, is also called angina. Angina that may result from reduced blood flow to the heart. That reduced blood flow is caused by plaque in the arteries leading to the heart which can cause a massive heart attack.

    Clogged arteries in carotid artery disease may cause stroke precursors known as transient ischemic attacks that may produce the following symptoms:
    • Sensation of weakness or numbness on any side of your body
    • Inability to move an arm or a leg
    • Loss of vision on one side only
    • Slurring of words

    Clogged arteries in peripheral artery disease may cause:
    • Leg pain (Blocked Artery in Leg)
    • Delayed healing of injuries to the feet
    • Cold feet
    • Gangrene

    Are there tests for Blocked arteries?

    There are several tests for clogged arteries. Your doctor will prescribe which tests to check based on your symptoms and medical history. The tests may include:
    • Cholesterol screening
    • Chest X-ray
    • CT scan
    • Ultrasound
    • Echocardiogram and/or cardiac stress test
    • Electrocardiogram
    • MRI or PET scanning
    • Angiogram

    Clogged arteries Treatment?

    There are a variety of prevention and treatment for clogged arteries. What your doctor prescribes to reduce arterial plaque to prevent clogged arteries will depend on the severity of your condition and your medical history. Your doctor can  prescribe one or more of the following treatment for clogged arteries:

    1. Lifestyle changes. A healthier lifestyle is essential for management of arterial plaque and treatment of clogged arteries. which includes:
    • Eating a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol, with less sugars and simple carbohydrates, and rich in fruits and vegetables
    • Maintaining a healthy body weight
    • Not smoking
    • Exercising regularly
    • Managing stress levels
    • Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol down
    • Maintaining low blood sugars

    2. Surgical procedures. Sometimes surgery may be necessary to treat clogged arteries and stop additional arterial plaque accumulation. These procedures may include:
    • Stent placement. A small tube called a stent which may contain medication for clogged arteries, can be placed in an artery to maintain adequate blood flow. A catheter is used through artery of the leg to reach heart, and a stent is put in place through the catheter in the area of blockage.
    • Bypass surgery. In this surgery arteries from other parts of body are moved to bypass clogged arteries and help oxygen-rich blood reach its target destination in the body.
    • Balloon angioplasty. Balloon Angioplasty helps open clogged arteries that have become blocked by opening up the blockage with device that pushes the plaque to the side walls of the arteries.

    3. Medications. Different kinds of medications may help control some factors that contribute to the accumulation of arterial plaque. which include:
    • Cholesterol-lowering drugs
    • Blood pressure-lowering drugs
    • Aspirin and other similar blood-thinning drugs, which reduce chances of dangerous blood clot formation.

    Home Remedies to Treat Clogged Arteries Naturally

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    Friday, May 17, 2019

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    A number of cardiovascular diseases owe their existence to clogged arteries.
    Atherosclerosis or clogged arteries is the narrowing of arterial vessels due to the buildup of plaque-a deposit of cholesterol, calcium, and fat. This can choke off the smooth flow of blood since arteries carry blood rich in oxygen and nutrients to various parts of the body from the proximal head to the distal foot.
    This progressive accumulation of plaque poses as a hindrance to the flow of nutrient-rich and oxygen-rich blood, impeding the proper functioning of the various organs and even causing potential damage to the body such as a heart attack.
    Hence, it is imperative to keep your arteries healthy to maintain the strength, life, and functionality of your heart.
    Although arterial blockage can progress with age, it rapidly enters the 30s and takes the center stage in the 50s or 60s.

    Causes of Clogged Arteries

    The buildup of plaque that results in clogged arteries begins once the inner lining of an artery is damaged. This leads to inflammation, and in a bid to heal the inflamed artery, plaque deposits on the affected region.
    The possible causes that can put you at risk of a blockage in your arteries are:
    • High blood pressure
    • High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
    • Sedentary lifestyle
    • A diet rich in fat
    • Obesity
    • Diabetes, either type 1 or type 2
    • Smoking
    • Inflammation as a result of being afflicted with arthritis or lupus
    Excessive smoking is associated with atherosclerosis in the body’s main artery called aorta, arteries in the legs, and the coronary artery. Smoking is a key player in escalating plaque formation.

    Signs and Symptoms of Clogged Arteries

    Clogged arteries progress as you age but may not be detectable early. The symptoms may appear once it has taken a severe form, especially when the blockage is around 60%-70%.
    Clogged arteries can cause symptoms that include:
    Chest pain (angina pectoris)
    • Loss of appetite
    • Weakness
    • Anxiety
    • Rapid breathing
    • Sweating
    • Tightness in the jaw
    • Nausea
    Because clogged arteries can be related to coronary artery diseases, it can manifest symptoms such as:
    • Cold feet
    • Muscle pull
    • Numbness on one side of the body
    • Pain in the upper body and back
    • Leg pain
    • Lower back pain

    Treatment for Clogged Arteries

    To alleviate the chances of a complication, clogged arteries might require medical intervention.
    Your doctor may prescribe medications to lower the levels of LDL cholesterol alongside dietary changes. These actions should be seen as additional help rather than as solutions.
    Similarly, a blocked artery may require surgical treatment. This could involve inserting a tube into the artery to remove the plaque while leaving behind a stent to support the artery walls and increase blood flow.
    With severe blockages, doctors may perform a surgery called a heart bypass to make sure the blood can get around the obstructed artery.
    Note: Prolonged blockage in the arteries can take life-threatening forms such as a heart attack or stroke if left unaddressed.
    Although home remedies may help to prevent or manage the preliminary stages of the disease, these should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment.

    Alternative Remedies for Clogged Arteries

    Because you can prevent or reduce the blockage in your arteries largely by eliminating bad cholesterol from your diet, it is important to include food sources that can bust the bad cholesterol and aid in its elimination.
    The natural remedies listed below can come in handy due to their ability to diffuse arterial plaques.

    1. Do Regular Exercise

    A regular exercise regimen can help improve your heart health and manage your cardiovascular health. Physical exertion may help reduce stiff and clogged arteries.
    Regular exercise will help you maintain healthy body weight and prevent excess cholesterol from accumulating in your body.
    • Do aerobic exercises such as walking, jogging, bicycling, and jumping rope to strengthen your heart function and improve your cardiovascular health.
    • Also, include some cardiovascular exercises in your routine to improve heart health and keep arteries clear.
    • Try some deep breathing exercises and yoga to help reduce mental and physical stress symptoms, which has a positive effect on your cardiovascular health.

    2. Drink Garlic Milk

    Garlic is one of the best remedies to regress arterial blockages. It helps widen blood vessels, thereby improving blood circulation.
    According to a study conducted by the University of Alabama at Birmingham, garlic can help relax blood vessels by up to 72% as compared with a placebo.
    Moreover, garlic lowers bad cholesterol levels and reduces the risk of heart attacks or strokes.
    • Add three chopped garlic cloves to 1 cup of milk and boil it. Allow it to cool and drink it daily before going to bed.
    • Also, include garlic in your cooking or take garlic supplements after consulting your doctor.

    3. Add Turmeric to Your Diet

    Turmeric is a well-known spice to combat oxidation and inflammation in the body.
    This property is attributed to its integral component curcumin, which may help prevent clogged arteries and keep your heart healthy by reducing the levels of bad cholesterol.
    Aside from this, turmeric can also help prevent clots that are formed by blood platelets.
    • Add 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder and a little honey to 1 glass of warm milk. Drink this one or two times daily.
    • Take turmeric supplements. The usual recommended dosage is 400 mg to 600 mg three times daily. However, consult a doctor before taking any supplements.
    • Also, include turmeric powder in your cooking practices.

    4. Take Cayenne Pepper Concoction

    The presence of the powerful anti-inflammatory compound capsaicin makes cayenne pepper a potent remedy to combat arterial plaques by increasing the good cholesterol (HDL), decreasing the bad cholesterol (LDL), and decreasing inflammation in the arteries.
    It also improves blood circulation and reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.
    • Add a ½ to 1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper to 1 cup of hot water. Drink this solution two times daily for a few weeks.
    • You can also take cayenne supplements but only after consulting your doctor.

    5. Sip Lemon Water

    Lemon is a godsend source a powerful antioxidant-vitamin C. Vitamin C can help reduce inflammation and lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels by keeping a check on arterial inflammation and curbing oxidative damage in the bloodstream.
    • Mix the juice of one lemon in 1 glass of warm water, along with a little honey and black pepper powder. Drink this solution one or two times daily for a few weeks.
    • Alternatively, boil 1 tablespoon of lemon peels in 4 cups of water for 20 minutes. Strain the water and add honey to it. Drink 1 cup of this solution, three or four times daily for several weeks.

    6. Drink Ginger Tea

    Ginger is a storehouse of anti-inflammatory compounds that can lower blood pressure and diffuse arterial plaques.
    The bioactive compounds gingerols and shogaols that compose this remedy can effectively lower total cholesterol, block LDL oxidation, help prevent plaque buildup, and lessen the existent blockage in your arteries.
    • Drink 2 to 3 cups of ginger tea daily. Make the tea by adding 1 teaspoon of grated ginger to 1 cup of hot water. Let it steep for 5 minutes, strain the tea, and add a little honey
    • Alternatively, eat a small piece of raw ginger on an empty stomach daily or take ginger capsules after consulting your doctor.
    Note: Do not use ginger remedies if ginger gives you gastric upset or heartburn or you are suffering from gallbladder problems or gallstones.

    7. Chew Fenugreek Seeds

    The saponins in fenugreek seeds can diffuse the effect of LDL and accumulated fat by their antioxidant action and treat clogged arteries efficiently.
    Moreover, the high amount of fiber in fenugreek seeds plays a key role in binding to bad cholesterol and aiding in its excretion.
    • Soak 1 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. The next morning, consume the soaked seeds along with the water on an empty stomach.
    • Another option is to add 1 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds to 1 cup of water. Boil it for 5 minutes, strain the water, and add a little honey. Drink the solution one or two times daily.

    8. Eat Red Yeast Rice

    Red yeast rice is packed with natural monacolins that help maintain arterial health by lowering the level of LDL cholesterol.
    red yeast rice
    Moreover, the concentration of phytosterols, beta-sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, isoflavones, and many trace minerals that are heart healthy helps counter cardiovascular ailments.[11]
    • You can cook and eat red yeast rice like any other white or brown rice.
    • Another option is to take red yeast rice tablets in 1,200 mg doses, two times per day, with meals. Always consult your doctor for the proper dosage and appropriateness for your condition.

    9. Consume Flaxseeds

    Flaxseeds contain copious amounts of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), an omega 3 fatty acid.
    These seeds help reduce blood pressure and inflammation and contribute to the overall health of the heart by keeping the arteries clear of obstructions.
    In addition, the fiber in flaxseeds helps clear clogged arteries by binding with bad cholesterol and facilitating its removal.
    • Consume 2 to 4 tablespoons of ground flaxseeds daily to help clear clogged arteries.
    • Alternatively, add ground flaxseeds in your smoothies, soups, and juices.

    10. Drink Pomegranate Juice

    Pomegranate is rich in antioxidant phytochemicals that help protect the circulatory system by scavenging free radicals that can cause plaque buildup and blood clots in the arteries.
    Moreover, pomegranate stimulates the production of nitric oxide in the blood, keeping the arteries open and decreasing the levels of blood pressure.[13]
    • Eat one to two fresh pomegranates daily.
    • You can also drink 1 glass of freshly extracted pomegranate juice once daily.

    Prevention of Atherosclerosis

    Because clogged arteries are majorly caused by increased levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, making changes in your diet and lifestyle can help you whisk off the risk of plaque formation.
    • Quit smoking.
    • Have a wholesome diet to keep your heart healthy. Avoid foods that are high in saturated fats, salt, and sugar. Aim to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day.
    • Exercise for at least 5 days a week.
    • Maintain a healthy body weight to reduce the levels of bad cholesterol.
    • Restrict the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

    Complications Related to Clogged Arteries

    Coronary artery disease can lead to:
    • Arrhythmia – This is an abnormality in the heart rhythm due to the inadequate blood supply to the heart.
    • Peripheral artery disease – This occurs as a result of plaque formation in the arteries of the arms and legs.
    • Heart attack – This occurs due to improper flow of blood that can cause damage to your heart muscles. Rupturing of a cholesterol plaque can cause clot formation, which can possibly trigger a heart attack.
    • Heart failure – This is a chronic condition where your heart’s efficiency to pump blood is reduced. This can deprive your body of its oxygen and nutritional demands.
    Narrowing arteries can progress slowly over time. Timely diagnosis is very important.
    Managing clogged arteries with drugs, procedures, and home remedies can help reduce the risk of serious cardiovascular diseases.

    Additional Tips

    • Strictly avoid the consumption of fried red meat, processed products, and junk foods.
    • Enrich your diet with beans, whole grains, and fruits rich in antioxidants such as oranges, butternut squash, mangos, tomatoes, watermelon, and blueberries.
    • Sit in the early morning sunlight to replenish your vitamin D levels.
    • Consume flaxseeds, walnuts, and at least two servings of fatty fish such as mackerel, tuna, trout, herring, and salmon to increase your omega-3 fatty acid intake.
    • Cut down on your sugar intake.
    • Drink 2 cups of green tea to curb your levels of bad cholesterol through its antioxidant action.
    • To enhance the levels of good cholesterol (HDL), include 2-3 tablespoons of extra-virgin coconut oil in your diet.
    • Include extra-virgin olive oil in your culinary practices to maintain a healthy level of cholesterol.
    • Practice meditation to manage your stress levels

    The Bottom Line

    The predominant cause of clogged arteries is an elevated level of bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. This can impede the smooth flow of blood and affect your overall health.
    A perpetually clogged artery can result in fatal health conditions such as arrhythmia and heart attack. A visit to the doctor and routine checkups are a must for a proper diagnosis of atherosclerosis.
    Aside from undertaking medications, incorporating regular exercise, following home remedies, and implementing dietary changes religiously can help tamp down the buildup of plaques in your arteries and maintain your heart health.

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