Showing posts with label risk factors. Show all posts
Showing posts with label risk factors. Show all posts

7 foods to keep your heart healthy

No comments

Wednesday, September 25, 2019

Nothing is more important than your health. You may exist with poor health but do not live. To enjoy a healthy life your heart must be strong as well as fit enough and for that, your food plays a major role. Your health is determined by the kind of food you eat so its must fore everyone to be aware of health care  tips.
“A controlled carbohydrate lifestyle really prevents risk factors for heart disease,” says Robert Atkins, an American Physician.
Having food with less fats and carbohydrates lowers the risk of heart disease. The probability of cardiac arrest increases with age. When you are young your heart is young but after reaching age 45 your heart gets weaker and the chance of coronary illness also increases simultaneously. And this is the age when one needs to be more conscious about one’s health and diet.
Here is a list of eatables to keep you and your heart healthy and strong: -

1Whole grains

A review was published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation, 14 reviews including more than 780,000 members found that higher intake of whole grains was related to a lower danger of death from heart and circulatory ailment and cancer.
Studies also show that eating whole grains instead of refined grains lowers the risk of:
  • ·         Stroke by 30 percent to 36 percent
  • ·         Type 2 diabetes by 21 percent to 30 percent
  • ·         heart disease by 25 percent to 28 percent
  • ·         Helps you maintain a healthy weight

1  Olive oil

Some types of fatty acids cause an increase in the cholesterol level while others may provide a protective benefit to heart. Olive oil contains unsaturated fats, which can help with HDL “good cholesterol” levels.
Olive oil is a great source of monosaturated fatty acids and reduces the risk of cardiac arrest.
Olive oil also contains antioxidants in its composition. They play a role in protecting Red Blood Cells from damage and thus prevent the heart from ailment and stroke.

1  Vegetables and Fruits

Heart health immediately improves when you start eating vegetables and fruits. They provide heart-healthy nutrients to heart which are beneficial for it in every way. Filling half of your meal plate with vegetables and fruits lower the risk of heart stroke. Doctors advise adding less fried veggies in the meal.

1Dark chocolate

If you are a chocoholic, the news from England is here for you: middle-aged and older adults who eat chocolate daily seem to have lower rates of heart disease as compared to those who don’t eat chocolate.
The reason behind this is that the cocoa bean is rich in a class of plant nutrients called flavonoids. Flavonoids work as anti-oxidants and also play an effective role in lowering blood pressure, improving blood flow to the brain and heart, and making blood platelets less sticky and able to clot.

1  Fish high in omega 3s

Eating fish helps your heart a lot. Eating fish one to two times a week can reduce your risk of dying with a heart attack. Fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids are beneficial for that purpose.
Fatty fish, for example, Salmon, Trout, Herring, and Tuna are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and thus are more beneficial.
Also, keep in mind that any fish can be unhealthy depending upon its preparation method. Boiling or baking a fish is always a preferred option than deep-frying.

1Green tea

Clinical investigations on drinking green tea have discovered that it helps lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Powerful antioxidants in green tea, particularly one called epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG. It can help to prevent atherosclerosis, the development of plaque in the supply routes.


“A garlic clove a day may keep bad heart health”, said scientists.
It is a source of Vitamin C and B6, which regulate blood metabolism and functioning of the nervous system. Along with that garlic also contains minerals such as zinc, magnesium, and selenium, which assist in brain and nerve health.

8 measures you must take after an open heart surgery

No comments

Saturday, September 7, 2019


Cardiac surgery is one of the most complex surgeries practiced by the medical profession. Like all other high risk surgeries, an open heart surgery carries a lot of weight when it comes to precautions. Following a successful surgery, members of the cardiac rehabilitation team work effectively to help the patient in returning to his previous normal condition.

Here, we gathered around 8 measures which must be taken to avoid a relapse of the unfortunate event of cardiac attack.

Picture source:

1. Keep the wound dry

Extensive surveys are carried out to keep a check on the development of surgical wound infection. Surgical sites are the second most common reservoirs of infection (first site is the respiratory tract involving 45.7-57.8% cases of infection).

Caretakers enlist a series of instructions for ways to keep the wound dry till it heals to its maximum capacity. Deep tissue incisions, such as those performed during a major cardiac surgery, have a substantial risk of developing a surgical site infection. Research data found that deep wound infections make up about 27.7% of the cases of surgical site infections.

Hence, a series of important measures are advised to the patient regarding effective care of the wound. Failing to do so, might increase the chances of acquiring an infection, which can turn fatal if not treated promptly.

2. Take rest to reduce undue stress on your heart's activity

A regulatory mechanism in the human's body ensures that any stress faced by the heart, is manifested in the form of symptoms.
Symptoms that denote a negative response of the heart to physical exertion, are as listed below:

1.     Pain
2.     Difficulty in breathing
3.     Easy fatiguability
4.     Deep inspiration and expiration
5.     Dizziness

These signs of increased stress on the heart, must not be ignored. Any physical activity contributing to this stress, should be stopped until the condition normalizes.

3. Refrain from driving without consulting the doctor

Being on the road with an endless heavy traffic, is a dangerous stunt in its self. Choosing to drive immediately after gaining recovery from an open heart surgery, must be avoided. Subsequent to cardiac surgery, the optimum period in which driving must be abstained, is about 4 weeks.

After the completion of these 4 weeks, patient is required to take approval from the doctor before resuming to drive.

4. Work for a balanced diet plan

As they say: "You are what you eat", a diet rich in cholesterol and low in healthy nutrients, can lead to an episode of cardiac arrest. Cardiac Rehabilitation teams function to council patients on striving towards changing their harmful lifestyle choices.

A diet with abundant amount of fruits and vegetables, is loaded with antioxidants and nutrients essential for functioning of the heart.
Patients who have undergone cardiac surgery, are made to consume food which reduces the chances of encountering another cardiac arrest.

5. Eliminate risk factors of cardiac arrest

Poor lifestyle choices can have a drastic effect on the health. Hence, patients with card open heart surgery, are expected to eliminate the contributing risk factors that pose a threat for a recurrent cardiac attack episode.

According to a research based on the number of sudden cardiac deaths, as high as 300,000 to 450,000 casualties annually, were reported in US alone.
A complex etiology is involved in the mechanism of cardiac malfuncion. Some of these are preventable and the other are non preventable.

Preventable Etiologies:
Smoking, High fat diet, diabetes

Non-Preventable Etiologies
Age, Congenital heart disease, male sex, heredity

6.  Avoid unnecessary exertion when climbing up the stairs

Climbing up stairs utilizes greater energy than walking. With the increasing demand of energy, the heart's activity becomes diminished. Signs and symptoms that showcase an exhausted heart, are given above.

Physical exertion must be ceased as soon as any of the signs listed, are experienced.

7. Psychological therapy makes an integral part of  recovery

Often, high risk surgeries can have a significant effect on the psychological health of the patient. Mental stability should be taken as a priority during the recovery time.

A cardiac rehabilitation team is appointed to cater to the improvement of both physical and mental health of the patient. This is practiced, based on the guidelines of cardiac physical therapy.

Besides seeking help from a professional, care takers at home must ensure that the recovery strategy prepared by rehabilitation workers, continues to be a part of the patient's lifestyle.

8. Adherence to healthier lifestyle choices

Majority of open heart surgeries fail due to negligence on the patient's part. Post operative care can be practiced by the medical staff, to a limited extent only. 

Continuation of activities beneficial for the heart is dependent on the patient.
Any irresponsible behavior can trigger the recurrence of cardiac arrest, which can sometimes be irreversible.

Therefore, make sure to continue thriving for a better lifestyle and avoid the risk of experiencing another heart attack.

Don't Miss
©2019 all rights reserved
made with by Pakistani