Diabetes is a chronic disease. It affects 8 out of ten persons in India. Two types of diabetes exist in common, Type-1 and Type-2. The increase in blood sugar levels leads to pre-diabetes. The pre-diabetes will leads to different diabetes types until the diabetes treatment is carried out.

Main causes of diabetes problem

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that affect the body due to the increase of glucose in the body. Glucose is an important source of energy that helps work all cells, muscles, tissues, the brain, and the heart.

When there is too much sugar in the blood increases leads to diabetes. No matter what type of diabetes you are being affected with, it leads to severe health issues.

Diabetes symptoms 

Some of the common occurrences of type-1 and type-2 diabetes are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Feeling thirsty
  • Feeling much tired and weakness
  • Ketones presence in urine
  • Feeling depressed or mood change.
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Blurry vision


It is important to consult the diabetes doctor once you come to know the diabetes problem. Diabetes treatment must be carried out immediately to avoid major surgery in future medical problems.

The doctor suggests the best medication to control the sugar level. He also suggests insulin if needed for the patient. Insulin lowers the sugar amount in the bloodstream. The pancreas helps release insulin to the bloodstream to control the sugar level.


Long-term diabetes problems develop high complications. Type-2 diabetes occurs mainly due to genetic problems, particularly in the person who age above 40. Possible complications are:

  • Cardiovascular disease. Diabetes majorly causes heart problems. Diabetes patients are most likely to have this problem if diabetes is not under control.
  • Neuropathy: Too much sugar injures the walls of the tiny blood vessels causing numbness, tingling, or burning in the beginning stage that gradually spreads upward from the toe finger. This may cause stroke or nerve disease in diabetic patients.
  • Nephropathy: It is related to kidney damage. The kidney holds millions of tiny blood vessels that filter the blood waste. The diabetic patient’s kidneys get damaged gradually causing nephropathy.
  • Eye damage (retinopathy). Diabetes can cause eye damage. This may lead to blindness.
  • Alzheimer’s disease. Type 2 diabetes get Alzheimer’s disease which is the increased risk of dementia.

Overview of hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t have enough thyroid hormone. This type of condition is called underactive thyroid. It never causes symptoms in the early stage. The thyroid problem can be identified by high cholesterol, obesity, and heart problems.

Symptoms: The symptoms of a thyroid problem are constipation, tiredness, sensitivity to colds, puffy face, coarse hair, hoarse voice, dry skin, muscle weakness, hair loss, hair damage, sudden weight gain or weight loss, depression, memory problems.

Diagnosis and treatment: With the help of a blood test, it is easy to identify the problem. After consulting with the doctor, Hypothyroidism treatment must be carried out. The treatment is simple and effective. But it is necessary to take the medicine without further delay. The regular intake of medicine provides fast relief.