The eye condition keratoconus is treated through corneal cross-linking. The cornea, which is the front portion of your eye, thins out and weakens over time when you have this disorder. It bulges into a cone shape as a result, which might blur your vision and make things challenging to see. You will require a corneal transplant if your keratoconus symptoms worsen.

The tissues in your cornea are strengthened during corneal cross-linking by using eyedrop medication and UV or ultraviolet radiation from specialized equipment. The objective is to prevent the cornea from dilating more.

The process is known as “cross-linking” because it creates ties between the collagen fibers in your eye. To keep the cornea steady, they function as support beams. The only treatment that can halt progressive keratoconus from becoming worse is the corneal cross-linking. Also, it might save you from undergoing a corneal transplant, as it is a serious procedure.

What Takes Place Throughout the Procedure?

The corneal cross linking treatment can be completed in your doctor’s office. You will first receive eye drops to numb your eyes and, if necessary, a sedative. Then, your doctor will insert riboflavin (vitamin B2) eyedrops that were carefully developed to help your cornea absorb light more effectively. The drops need about 30 minutes to completely absorb into your cornea. You will then recline on a chair and gaze up at a light. Your eyes will be numb during the treatment, so you shouldn’t experience any pain. The complete procedure lasts between 60-90 minutes.

Corneal Cross-Linking Types

Epi-off and the experimental epi-on are the two sorts. The abbreviation “Epi” stands for epithelium, the cornea’s outer layer. Using the “epi-off” approach, your doctor will insert the drops before removing the epithelium. Before administering the eyedrops for epi-on, your doctor first uses eyedrops or a sponge to soften your epithelium.

Who Needs a Corneal Cross-Linking Procedure?

The technique only prevents corneal alterations from escalating; it doesn’t reverse already-happening changes. When you are having keratoconus, it is advisable to talk to your doctor as soon as possible because it can help halt the progression. If this treatment will be beneficial for you, your doctor can tell you.

How to Get Ready?

Wearing eye makeup, perfume, or aftershave on the day of the surgery is not advised. You can often prepare by having a light lunch and drinking some water. Additionally, since your vision will be compromised following the treatment, you’ll need someone to drive you home. Carefully adhere to the directions of your doctor from Kraff Eye Institute.