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What you need to know about heart care

Thursday, October 10, 2019

/ by Allan Webi



Introduction

Let’s learn some Anatomy.
The heart acts as two separate pumps operating simultaneously in parallel. The right side of the heart generates circulation to the lungs while the left side feeds the rest of the body. The right atrium drains deoxygenated blood from the superior and inferior venae cavae and discharges blood to the right ventricle which in turn pumps it to the pulmonary artery. The left atrium drains oxygenated blood from the lungs through four pulmonary veins and discharges blood into the left ventricle, which in turn pumps the blood through the aorta. During ventricular contraction, the two atrio ventricular valves also known as the tricuspid valves on the right side of the heart close and the mitral valves on the left side and the pulmonary aortic valves open.
Your Cardiac care team.

You won’t face cardiac disease alone. Many health care providers are involved in your care and every person plays a different and important role.
Physician specialists include,

     •Cardiologists; these are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of various cardiac diseases.
     •Cardiothoracic surgeons; They focus on cardiac related surgeries and the necessary follow up care.
     •Intensive Care Unit specialists; who are involved in taking care of patients while in the intensive care unit.
     •Anesthesiologists; who manage your anaesthesia during surgery and follow up with you durinpostoperativeve period.
Advanced practice clinicians
This group varies across the world from country to country.

They ininclude Nursing practitioners, Physician Assistants and  Clinical Officers. They have advanced degrees in their field of study and they provide a wide range of medical services under, the direction of a medical doctor.
Nurses and nurse assistants.
These normally work in intensive care units and are normally equipped with special knowledge of heart diseases.
Nursing Aassistants are actively  involved in much of your daily care at the hospital.

Other health care providers include

Social Workers; who are involved in your insurance and Homecare.
Nutritionists; they provide and follow up with your nutrition while in the hospital and provides nutritional advice and care for the heart-healthy individuals.
Pharmacists; who are involved in the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Respiratory therapists; who are involved in the rehabilitation of the breathing patterns of the patients.
Technicians; these group operates medical pieces of equipment for various procedures.











Cardiac Rehabilitation.
A cardiac rehabilitation programme is important in the reinforcement of every part of your treatment plan whether you are in the hospital or not.
A cardiac rehabilitation program encompasses the following services;

Exercise: Monitored exercise sessions are tailored to individuals needs and abilities. The involved Specialists monitor your heart rate, your EKG, blood pressure, signs and symptoms; and report your progress to the attending doctor.
Education: you are taught more about your disease, the procedures involved, signs and symptoms of the disease, the risk factors and positive lifestyle changes programmes.
Social and Emotional support programs: staff as well as other patients with heart conditions normally have social support groups that they normally convey together to share their journey and experiences in their recovery path.

The role of cardiac rehabilitation is to provide continuous support as you adjust to all the changes implied in your life by your diagnosis. Although it is tremendous and overwhelming work, most patients actually enjoy cardiac rehabilitation as cited from various research articles. They find the process to be interesting, encouraging and fun.

Emotional Challenges

After a heart diagnosis, many people have varying reactions.
Shock, disbelief and denial are the most immediate emotions experienced after your diagnosis. Many people find it unbelievable to acknowledge their diagnosis.
Some will experience anxiety, anger and even go into depression. This is further evidenced by the struggles that people go through in their new recommended daily routines. Some individuals will feel vulnerable while others will experience a series of bothersome thoughts that makes it difficult to have a positive outlook.

Fortunately, most people who experience these feelings report that they gradually go away. They further adhere to the fact that these feelings are part of the healing process.

How to overcome these challenges,


Reach out: Just some one to open up to and share your experiences. Talk to your health care providers who can in turn put you in touch with counselors, peer volunteers and religious guides who can help you and your family to get through this hard time.
Get practical: Sometimes the practical aspects of your care can turn out to be stressful. Talk to your health care providers in case you have any worries to put across. Your provider can connect you to a social worker or a case manager to help you out.
Take care of your emotional health: As you work with your health care providers in managing your physical health, it’s important to manage your emotional health as well. Physical and emotional health go hand in hand and one gains emotional health as he/she progresses well in his/her physical health.
Be patient: Normally emotional health improves with physical health, hence, one will probably feel more hopeful as he/she adapts to a healthier lifestyle. Try to stay optimistic as this will help you lead a life of purpose.






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