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Doctors recommended tips to avoid heart attack and stay healthy

Friday, October 4, 2019

/ by Salaar
Tips to avoid a heart attack

Myocardial infarction is no longer reserved for men who are overweight, who smoke and who are sedentary. It is rising among women in a worrying way. Unfortunately, there are risk factors that we can not act (men are twice as likely to have myocardial infarction as women), age (the risk is multiplied by two after 60 years) and heredity (risk multiplied by 1.5). On the other hand, it is possible to act on the other risk factors. The point with Dr. Fabien Guez, the cardiologist.

1. Stop smoking

The consequences of smoking are many: inflammation of the blood vessels causes clots to form, arteries become clogged faster, blood pressure rises ... The risk of having a heart attack is then multiplied by 5.

Arterial and cardiac lesions occur 20 to 30 years before lung damage. Lung cancer campaigns have always been focused while cardiovascular damage is coming right away. In the smoker, it is a very often acute accident right away that reveals the heart disease.

explains Dr. Fabien Guez, a cardiologist. He says in his book that 40% of victims of infarction are smokers and are under 45 years. Passive smokers are not spared, and for proof, since smoking is banned in public places, there is a 45% decrease in cardiovascular mortality among bartenders.

2. Avoid overweight

13% of adults are obese in the US, not counting overweight people. We all know the rules "hygiene-dietary" to follow: eat moderately, not too fat, not too sweet, respect portions 5 fruits and vegetables a day ... What confirms Dr. Fabien Guez:

change the diet regularly, gradually, eat any moderately, avoid diets too severe, fasting, processed foods, pastries, all these common-sense gestures that allow you to lose weight very slowly and not to gain weight.

We must eat less and better. A balanced diet and physical activity are the right doses, whatever the weight:

Better to be overweight and move rather than being lean and sedentary. It's not just weight that counts, there's also physical activity. At equal weight, the person who does physical exercise will have fewer heart problems than the one who does not.

3. Limit alcohol

Excessive alcohol consumption is a cardiovascular risk factor. It increases blood pressure, causes heart rhythm disorders such as arrhythmia or tachycardia. But not all alcohols are equal:

red wine is good for moderate-dose health, 1 or 2 glasses a day for women, 2 to 3 for men. Rosé causes cardiac arrhythmias, high-dose beer is diuretic and may lead to dehydration.

At the same time, how alcohol is consumed plays a role in heart health:

it is better to drink moderately daily than to get drunk on weekends. Binge drinking, which involves drinking a lot and quickly, is extremely dangerous.

Another negative consequence of alcohol: it opens the appetite so that during an aperitif, there is a tendency to nibble ...

4. Control your stress

Annoyances, family problems, conflicts at work, certain life events, financial worries, health problems that affect a loved one ... sources of stress are numerous, frequent and do not spare anyone.

Stress acts on the heart and arteries, on blood pressure but not on the same level as tobacco, overweight, cholesterol or high blood pressure

explains Dr. Guez. While stress is now considered a risk factor, it can also be a triggering factor. Indeed, stress called acute (aggression, argument, anger, accident, trauma) can cause a heart attack.

As for chronic stress (problems of money, family and professional conflicts), it acts gently but surely. For everyone to find ways to overcome their stress, it can go through physical exercise, psychological support, a recreation that can decompress well.

The solution is to find the cause of the stress and to treat it but it is not always obvious. Read this guide how to come out of depression for more information.

5. Play sports but not just how

Playing sports is good for everyone, everyone agrees, but you never say how, says Dr. Guez:

This is a problem because as much as sport is very good for health, it is a disaster if it is poorly practiced. 10 people who practice a sport, 5 do not practice the good and the other 5, 4 practice badly, they forget the basics.

The fundamentals are regularity,

you have to practice at least twice a week and go slowly, especially when you have stopped the sport for more or less long time. When we go too fast, we have heart problems, joints, muscles.

Another important point that we tend to forget: it is better to opt for an appropriate sport adapted to its psychological and physical profile, to its possible pathology. In addition, it is recommended to consult a cardiologist before returning to physical activity, moreover if one is in the presence of risk factors such as for overweight, cholesterol, or hypertension. Note: the practice of sport in a person with an untreated pathology will aggravate the latter.

6. Have sexual activity

A romantic relationship contributes to balance and fulfillment. The sexual activity has health benefits in general and more particularly on the heart, thanks to antidepressant and relaxing effects, related to the production of serotonin, dopamine or endorphins.

At a small level, it activates the blood circulation and helps eliminate toxins. According to a Canadian study, women who abstain have more cardiovascular risk. Finally, the idea of ​​infarction during intimate relationships is indeed a cliché. If it occurs, and exceptionally, it's a few hours after the act. That is said, by the way ...

7. Women and cardiovascular risks

Cardiovascular diseases, and in particular infarction, concern more and more women.

Cardiovascular mortality has become the leading cause of death in women. The woman smokes more, she takes hormones, she stresses professionally and her heart is different, the arteries are thinner, more easily reached. Risk factors are diabetes, hypertension, tobacco, stress, overweight, lack of physical activity. As for the combination of tobacco and pill, it is dangerous

because blood coagulates points out Dr. Guez. Phlebitis, pulmonary embolisms, strokes are more common. In addition, the symptoms of heart attack are:

Different in women, recalls Fabien Guez; abdominal pain, sudden and unusual fatigue.

Prevention involves a healthy and balanced diet, stopping smoking and regular physical activity. Women must take care of their arteries and their hearts, just like men. Finally, a visit to a cardiologist can take stock of his cardiovascular health and avoid any problem.
Read Also: what to do when having heart attack

Reference:

https://medlineplus.gov/howtopreventheartdisease.html
https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/prevention-15/heart-healthy/understanding-heart-attack-prevention

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