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Saturday, October 26, 2019

/ by abdul aziz
Blood Pressure
The prevalence of heart and other cardiovascular diseases is on the rise. It is important to note that a healthy heart -and body- begins with maintaining a healthy, or rather a normal blood pressure. But first, what is blood pressure?

Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted on the walls of your blood vessels (mainly arteries) by plood pumped from your heart to the rest of your body. Literally, it's the force that moves blood from your heart to various organs and tissues.
You've most probably had your blood pressure measurement taken in the past one year or so. If you are wondering what the figures mean, stay here and find out!

Blood Pressure Measurement and Reading
Well, blood pressure is measured in millimeters of Mercury, often abbreviated as mmHg. It comes in two figures; systolic pressure over diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the amount of force on your vessels when your heart pushes out blood. On the other hand, diastolic pressure is the measurement taken in between the beats as the heart rests.
Therefore, a blood pressure of 118/79mm/Hg translates to a systolic pressure of 118mm/Hg and a diastolic measurement of 79mm/Hg.

Categories Of Blood Pressure 
Depending on the reading, your blood pressure can be normal or unhealthy. Look, you need to know thay there is an unhealthy low and an unhealthy high. Blood pressure readings are, therefore, classified into three major categories. These include low blood pressure, normal blood pressure,  and high blood pressure.
Let's have a critical look at these categories;

Low Blood Pressure
Though this category is probably not known to you, it does exist.  Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is any reading from 90/60mmHg and lower. Severe low blood pressure may cause dizziness and fainting. People with severe blood pressure experience a drastic shortfall of oxygen in the brain.

Normal Blood Pressure
Blood pressure readings above 90/60mmHg and less than 120/80mm/Hg are normal. Indeed, this is the safest zone as far as the force of blood circulation is concerned. If your readings fall within this range, then the range is healthy for your heart as well as blood vessels.
The ideal thing to do, therefore, is to stick to healthy living practices which include routine exercises and a healthy diet, among others that we will discuss in other sections of this blog.

High Blood Pressure
Loosely defined, high blood pressure is a condition in which the prolonged force exerted on the walls of your arteries by blood is strong enough to trigger a medical complication. Usually, any reading above 120/80mm/Hg creates excessive force on the blood vessels.
High blood pressure is further subdivided into 4 categories, namely;
  1. Elevated 
  2. Hypertension stage 1
  3. Hypertension stage 2
  4. Hypertensive Crisis




Blood Pressure Chart

Category
Systolic
Over
Diastolic
Low Blood Pressure
89mm/Hg and less
Over
60mm/Hg and less
Normal Blood Pressure
90 mm/Hg to 120 mm/Hg
Over
More than 60 mm/Hg but less than 80 mm/Hg
Elevated Blood Pressure
120 mm/Hg to 129 mm/Hg
Over
Less than 80 mm/ Hg
Hypertension Stage 1
130mm/Hg to 139mm/Hg
Over
80 mm/Hg to 89 mm/Hg
Hypertension Stage 2
140mm/Hg to 179mm/Hg
Over
90mm/Hg to 120mm/Hg
Hypertensive Crisis
Above 180mm/Hg
Over
Above 120mm

Health Complications Of High Blood Pressure
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