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Ischemic Heart Disease | Symptoms of Blocked Arteries | What Causes Blocked Arteries | Clogged Arteries Treatment

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Wednesday, June 12, 2019

/ by Myheartcares
Ischemic Heart Disease

What is ischemia?


Ischaemia means "reduced blood supply". Ischaemic heart disease is characterized by reduced blood supply to the heart.



What is ischemic heart disease?

Ischemic or Ischaemia is a heart problems caused by narrowing of the arteries. When arteries are narrowed, less blood and oxygen reaches to the heart muscle. This is also called coronary heart disease. This can ultimately lead to Massive heart attack


here you can learn How to Treat heart Attack


Symptoms of Ischemia Heart Disease


Symptoms of Ischemia includes chest pain or discomfort known as angina pectoris.



Clogged Arteries 

Healthy arteries have smooth inner walls in which blood flows easily. Some people however, develop clogged arteries that result from a buildup of a substance called plaque on the inner walls of the arteries. Arterial plaque can reduce blood flow in arteries or block it altogether.




What causes Clogged Arteries?

Plaque that accumulates on inner walls of arteries is made from various objects like calcium, fat, cholesterol and fibrin, a material that is involved in blood clotting. In response to plaque buildup, cells in artery walls multiply and secrete additional substances that can be the cause of narrowing of the arteries.


What Causes Blocked Arteries

Blocked arteries can become too narrow to work properly. While you may have no special signs, symptoms can develop as plaque builds up in the arteries.This disease develops over a lifetime with varying symptoms which include pain or cramping in the thighs, buttocks, or calves when walking. Numbness in their legs,develop leg ulcers that don’t heal. If blocked artery in heart remain, a total loss of circulation to the legs and feet can occur, sometimes resulting in gangrene and the loss of a limb.


Other symptoms of blocked arteries may include shortness of breath and excessive fatigue after doing any physical activity.


Some common risks factors for blocked arteries are:

  • A diet high in saturated and trans fats, salt, and processed foods
  • Lack of exercise
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Genetics

Having more than one of these risk factors by clogged arteries in heart,increases your chances of developing blocked arteries. For example, if you don’t exercise, you may become overweight or obese, which increases your chances of developing diabetes and/or high blood pressure.



Symptoms of Clogged Arteries?

In many cases, clogged arteries do not cause special symptoms until any major event like a heart attack occurs.on the other hand especially when the artery is blocked by 70% or greater then this, buildup of arterial plaque may cause these symptoms like:
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Sweating

The first symptom, chest pain, is also called angina. Angina that may result from reduced blood flow to the heart. That reduced blood flow is caused by plaque in the arteries leading to the heart which can cause a massive heart attack.



Clogged arteries in carotid artery disease may cause stroke precursors known as transient ischemic attacks that may produce the following symptoms:
  • Sensation of weakness or numbness on any side of your body
  • Inability to move an arm or a leg
  • Loss of vision on one side only
  • Slurring of words

Clogged arteries in peripheral artery disease may cause:
  • Leg pain (Blocked Artery in Leg)
  • Delayed healing of injuries to the feet
  • Cold feet
  • Gangrene


Are there tests for Blocked arteries?

There are several tests for clogged arteries. Your doctor will prescribe which tests to check based on your symptoms and medical history. The tests may include:
  • Cholesterol screening
  • Chest X-ray
  • CT scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Echocardiogram and/or cardiac stress test
  • Electrocardiogram
  • MRI or PET scanning
  • Angiogram



Clogged arteries Treatment?

There are a variety of prevention and treatment for clogged arteries. What your doctor prescribes to reduce arterial plaque to prevent clogged arteries will depend on the severity of your condition and your medical history. Your doctor can  prescribe one or more of the following treatment for clogged arteries:



1. Lifestyle changes. A healthier lifestyle is essential for management of arterial plaque and treatment of clogged arteries. which includes:
  • Eating a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol, with less sugars and simple carbohydrates, and rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight
  • Not smoking
  • Exercising regularly
  • Managing stress levels
  • Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol down
  • Maintaining low blood sugars

2. Surgical procedures. Sometimes surgery may be necessary to treat clogged arteries and stop additional arterial plaque accumulation. These procedures may include:
  • Stent placement. A small tube called a stent which may contain medication for clogged arteries, can be placed in an artery to maintain adequate blood flow. A catheter is used through artery of the leg to reach heart, and a stent is put in place through the catheter in the area of blockage.
  • Bypass surgery. In this surgery arteries from other parts of body are moved to bypass clogged arteries and help oxygen-rich blood reach its target destination in the body.
  • Balloon angioplasty. Balloon Angioplasty helps open clogged arteries that have become blocked by opening up the blockage with device that pushes the plaque to the side walls of the arteries.

3. Medications. Different kinds of medications may help control some factors that contribute to the accumulation of arterial plaque. which include:
  • Cholesterol-lowering drugs
  • Blood pressure-lowering drugs
  • Aspirin and other similar blood-thinning drugs, which reduce chances of dangerous blood clot formation.

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